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Abu Dhabi, UAESunday 18 November 2018

Theresa May to face criticism at home after being spared by EU

British PM said she would consider a longer transition period that could keep UK aligned to rules and obligations for over two years

Theresa May speaks to the media following the EU summit. Getty Images
Theresa May speaks to the media following the EU summit. Getty Images

British prime minister Theresa May will head home from an inconclusive European Union summit on Brexit to a barrage of criticism that her 27 EU counterparts spared her during the two-day event that ended Thursday.

In Brussels, Mrs May said she would consider a longer transition period, one that could keep Britain aligned to EU rules and obligations for over two years after its March departure. Pro-Brexit politicians in the UK saw it as an attempt to bind the country to the bloc indefinitely.

British former foreign secretary Boris Johnson, ex-Brexit secretary David Davis and other from her party warned the prime minister not to “engage in a show of resistance and a choreographed argument followed by surrender” to the EU.

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Pro-EU politicians, meanwhile, said the transition period proposal was another sign of Mrs May’s weak bargaining hand and an attempt to stall for time. Another former Conservative minister, Nick Boles, warned that Mrs May was “losing the confidence now of colleagues of all shades of opinion”.

Mrs May stood firm in the face of the stinging criticism at home, saying Thursday that the UK and the EU could overcome the “few but considerable” disagreements standing in the way of a divorce agreement.

Leaders of other member countries said the real fight was not with the EU. but within Mrs May’s fractured Conservative party.

It is “not up to the European Union to make concessions to deal with an internal British political matter,” French president Emmanuel Macron said. “It’s a matter concerning Britain’s political ability to find a presentable agreement. That’s all.”

At the end of the EU summit, Mrs May said there would be “tough negotiations,” but she remained confident Britain and the bloc could strike a divorce deal that worked for both sides.

EU Council president Donald Tusk said the summit also left him more optimistic than he’d been after a bad-tempered meeting last month and a negotiating crisis on Sunday.

“What I feel today is that we are closer to the final solutions and the deal,” Mr Tusk said. He acknowledged the feeling “may be a more emotional impression than a rational one. But emotions matter, also in politics.”

But Mr May was under attack from across Britain’s political spectrum after saying she was considering the EU proposal for a longer post-Brexit transition period.

Seeking to unblock the stalled divorce talks Mrs May said the initial 21-month transition could be extended by “a matter of months.”

At present, the two sides say Britain will remain inside the EU single market, and subject to the bloc’s regulations, from the day it leaves on March 29 until December 2020, to give time for new trade relations to be set up.

The EU has said an extension would give more time to strike a trade deal that ensures the border between Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland remains friction-free. The future UK-EU border in Ireland has been the main sticking point in the talks.

The Irish border will be the UK’s only land frontier with the EU after Brexit. Both sides agree there must be no hard border that could disrupt businesses and residents on both sides and undermine Northern Ireland’s hard-won peace process. But each has rejected the other side’s solution.

The EU says the solution is to keep Northern Ireland inside a customs union with the bloc, but Britain rejects that because it would mean customs checks between Northern Ireland and the rest of the UK

Britain has proposed instead that all the UK could stay in a customs union – but only temporarily. The EU insists there must be no time limit.

This week’s summit, which had been billed as a make-or-break moment, turned simply into a chance for Britain and the EU to give themselves more time – perhaps until the end of the year – to break the logjam.

EU Commission president Jean-Claude Juncker welcomed the opening Mrs May offered, saying “this prolongation of the transition period probably will happen.”

German chancellor Angela Merkel described finding a solution as “squaring the circle.”

But, she added; “Where there’s a will, there should be a way, and normally there is a way.”

The lack of progress scrapped plans for a special EU summit on Brexit that had been penciled in for next month, though EU leaders said they would assess the situation later.

The next official EU summit is scheduled for December, just over 3½ months before Britain ceases to be an EU member. Any deal that is struck needs time to be approved by the British and European parliaments.