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Abu Dhabi, UAEMonday 17 December 2018

Trump to champion death penalty for drug dealers

The US president made the call as part of a plan to tackle the country's opioid crisis

US President Donald Trump, left, with First Lady Melania, wants to combat the country's opioid epidemic through tougher punishments, including the death penalty for dealers. Andrew Harrer / Bloomberg
US President Donald Trump, left, with First Lady Melania, wants to combat the country's opioid epidemic through tougher punishments, including the death penalty for dealers. Andrew Harrer / Bloomberg

United States President Donald Trump made a controversial call on Monday for drug traffickers to face the death penalty, as part of his plan to combat the country's opioid epidemic - a move that appears to be as much about politics as policy.

The Republican leader launched the proposal during a speech in Manchester, New Hampshire - a state hard hit by the drugs crisis - and the move was designed to burnish his tough-on-crime credentials.

"These are terrible people, and we have to get tough on those people," he told the crowd. "If we don't get tough on the drug dealers, we're wasting our time."

"That toughness includes the death penalty," he said.

An estimated 2.4 million Americans are addicted to opioids, a class of drugs that include prescription painkillers as well as heroin.

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Mr Trump pledged to fix the crisis when he took office a year ago, but so far, he has struggled to make headway on an epidemic that kills an estimated 115 Americans a day due to overdoses, according to the government-funded National Institutes of Health.

Drug-related murder is already a capital offence in the US, but no one has ever been executed using those rules.

Officials indicated there would be no attempt to change the law to make the death penalty mandatory for trafficking alone, a move that would could well run afoul of Supreme Court rulings on proportional punishment.

In those rulings, the high court suggested that nothing other than murder can be considered a capital offence.

"It's possible that our country's not ready for that," Mr Trump conceded.

"And I can understand it, maybe. Although personally, I can't understand that."

With Republicans at risk of losing control of Congress in legislative elections in November, Trump is keen to rally his base ahead of the polls behind a tough-sounding message.

A series of special elections has shown Republicans to be struggling to match the intensity of anti-Trump sentiment, with high turnout among Democrats delivering a series of shock victories.

Most polls show Mr Trump's approval rating hovering at around 40 per cent, with supporters and opponents expressing intense feelings either way.

This announcement is likely to be no different in terms of how the public reacts.

Around 55 per cent of Americans are in favour of the death penalty for murder, the lowest level in decades.

Mr Trump has previously mooted the "ultimate" punishment for drug dealers and has praised Philippine President Rodrigo Duterte, whose war on drugs has led to the extra-judicial killings of alleged traffickers.

Philippines police say they have killed 4,100 drug suspects as part of the campaign, while rights groups claim the real toll is around three times that number. The International Criminal Court is investigating.

Experts say that the apparent link between low drug use and capital punishment in places like Singapore can be misleading.

Iran, they point out, also has the death penalty for drug use but still has one of the highest rates of opiate addiction in the world.

Many Democrats oppose the idea of executing drug dealers, and changing the law would require an act of Congress.

"We will not incarcerate or execute our way out of the opioid epidemic," Democratic senator Ed Markey said last week.

"Extreme proposals like using the death penalty only perpetuate a harmful stigma associated with opioid use disorders and divert attention from meaningful conversations and progress on expanding access to treatment, recovery, and other public health initiatives," he said.

Mr Trump also announced that measures would be taken to tackle over-prescription, illicit drug supplies and insufficient access to treatment.