Rio Tinto and top former chiefs charged with fraud
Former chief executive Thomas Albanese and former chief financial officer Guy Elliott allegedly failed to follow accounting standards
The US securities and exchange commission (SEC) on Tuesday charged the mining company Rio Tinto and two of its former top executives with fraud, saying they inflated the value of coal assets in Mozambique and concealed critical information while tapping the market for billions of dollars.
The UK's financial conduct authority (FCA) also said on Tuesday it had reached a settlement with Rio Tinto under which the company would pay a fine of £27 million (Dh130m) to settle claims that it breached accounting rules in connection with the Mozambique assets.
The Mozambican coal business, which relied on barging the product down the Zambezi River to port, was acquired for US$3.7 billion in 2011 from Riversdale Mining and sold a few years later for $50m.
In a lawsuit filed in US federal court in Manhattan, the SEC said Rio Tinto, the former chief executive Thomas Albanese, and former chief financial officer Guy Elliott failed to follow accounting standards and company policies to accurately value and record the assets.
The SEC said that soon after the deal was completed, Rio Tinto learned that the acquisition would yield less coal, and of a lower quantity, than expected. The global miner could only transport and sell a fraction of the coal it had originally assumed, the SEC said.
By making misleading public statements, RioTinto and the executives were able to raise $5.5bn from US investors, the SEC said. They continued to solicit the investments even after executives of the Mozambique subsidiary told Mr Albanese and Mr Elliott that the unit was likely worth negative $680m, according to the SEC.
"There is no truth in any of these charges," Mr Albanese said.
Christina Mills, a spokeswoman for Mr Elliott, said he would vigorously contest the charges.
Rio Tinto said it would defend itself vigorously against the SEC's allegations. The company said the UK FCA had "made no findings of fraud, or of any systemic or widespread failure by Rio Tinto".
The SEC allegations are contained in court documents that also request a jury trial. The SEC said the rapid and dramatic decline in value of the coal business was concealed, in part because Rio Tinto had already disclosed huge losses in connection with its 2007 acquisition of Alcan.
"The Mozambique acquisition was expected to restore the market’s confidence in Mr Albanese’s deal-making acumen, but on-the-ground realities in Mozambique quickly undermined that narrative," the SEC said.
The SEC said the company knew its barging assumptions were unrealistic and railway capacity severely limited by the end of 2011, just months after securing the Riversdale assets.
"Defendants concealed the nature and extent of these adverse developments from Rio Tinto’s board of directors, audit committee, independent auditors, and the market," the SEC said.
The SEC said that if it had been disclosed, the developments would have triggered an impairment analysis. An impairment analysis would measure the difference in the expected cash flow from an asset and the value the company has booked the asset at.
By May 2012, Mr Albanese and Mr Elliott were informed of the negative $680m valuation, although the company carried the assets on its books at more than $3bn while also promoting its prospects to the market.
The SEC said the fraud continued until January 2013, when another executive discovered accounting irregularities. Mr Albanese subsequently resigned and the value of the Mozambique assets were lowered by more than $3bn.
The SEC is seeking to have Mr Albanese and Mr Elliott barred from acting as officers or directors of any public company.
The SEC also disclosed that the Australian Securities and Investments Commission was looking into Rio's accounting of the Mozambique assets.
Updated: October 18, 2017 09:06 AM