Abu Dhabi, UAESaturday 19 October 2019

Yemen in crisis: Houthis take over country

The declaration by the Shiite rebels pushes the country further into chaos and threatens to turn the political power struggle into a full-blown civil and sectarian conflict
Houthis set off fireworks to celebrate the announcement of a new transitional council in Sanaa on February 6, 2015 as the Shiite rebels dissolved parliament and took over control in the country. Yahya Arhab/EPA
Houthis set off fireworks to celebrate the announcement of a new transitional council in Sanaa on February 6, 2015 as the Shiite rebels dissolved parliament and took over control in the country. Yahya Arhab/EPA

SANAA // Yemen’s Shiite rebels took over the country on Friday and dissolved parliament in a move that finalises their months-long power grab.

The declaration was announced by a TV presenter who said the move marked “a new era that will take Yemen to safe shores”. It was televised to the nation on the rebels’ television network, Al Masseria TV.

The development pushes the country further into chaos and threatens to turn the political power struggle into a full-blown civil and sectarian conflict, pitting Houthi Shiites against the country’s majority Sunnis, including powerful tribesmen and secessionists in the south.

It could also play into the hands of Yemen’s Al Qaeda branch, the world’s most dangerous offshoot of the terror group, and jeopardise the US counter-terrorism operations in the country.

An audience of hundreds of supporters, including former officials, at the Republican Palace in the capital, Sanaa, clapped furiously. Houthi supporters were expected to take to the streets in the capital and celebrate long into the night.

The takeover statement placed Houthis’ security and intelligence arm, known as the “Revolutionary Committee”, as the ruler of Yemen.

The impoverished country has teetered on the brink of fragmentation for the past year but the crisis took a turn for the worse in September, when the Houthis took control of Sanaa after descending from their northern stronghold and fighting their way into central Yemen, seizing several other cities and towns along the way.

Their rising dominance – which included a raid of the presidential palace and a siege of President Abdrabu Mansur Hadi’s residence – forced the president and all cabinet members to submit their resignations in January.

Since then, Mr Hadi and the ministers have been under house arrest. The rebels issued a deadline, which expired on Wednesday, for Yemen’s political parties to negotiate what they called a way forward.

They warned that if there was no resolution, they would act unilaterally.

The Houthis also said that “Revolutionary Committee” would act as the country’s government.

It would also be tasked with forming a new parliament with 551 members. The committee is led by Mohammed Ali Al Houthi, a cousin of the Houthis’ leader Abdel Malek Al Houthi.

The new parliament would then set up a presidential council of five members that would replace Mr Hadi for an interim two-year period.

The announcement did not give a timetable for elections and gave no indication of Mr Hadi’s fate.

The Houthis accused the political parties of “intentionally stalling” and failing to meet the Wednesday deadline, which forced their action.

The takeover comes after days of failed talks sponsored by the UN envoy to Yemen, Jamal Benomar.

The White House said yesterday it was “deeply concerned” by the takeover of Yemen by Shiite rebels.

Earlier Friday, Mohammed Al Sabri, a top politician from a multi-party alliance called the Joint Meeting Parties, described the Houthis’ actions as a “coup”, predicting it would lead to “international and regional isolation of Yemen”.

Last year, the UN security council placed two Houthi leaders and deposed President Ali Abdullah Saleh – also believed to be a main backer of the Houthis – on a sanctions list for their role in derailing Yemen’s transition.

“Today, the Houthis are taking an uncalculated [risk],” said Mr Al Sabri. “They are a militia, not a political group.”

A former member of the Houthis’ political arm, Ansar Allah, described the takeover as “madness” and a “horror movie” that would result in Yemen’s collapse.

* Associated Press

Updated: February 7, 2015 04:00 AM

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