x Abu Dhabi, UAEFriday 19 January 2018

Sectarian violence spreads in Myanmar

Sectarian clashes between Buddhists and Muslims in Myanmar has spread to at least two other towns, undermining government efforts to quash the eruption of violence.

MEIKHTILA, Myanmar // Sectarian clashes between Buddhists and Muslims in Myanmar has spread to at least two other towns in the country's heartland, undermining government efforts to quash an eruption of violence that has killed dozens of people and displaced 10,000 more.

The president Thein Sein declared a state of emergency in the region on Friday and deployed army troops to the worst hit city, Meikhtila. But even as soldiers were able to impose order there after several days of anarchy that saw armed Buddhists torch the city's Muslim quarters, unrest was reported in two other towns to the south.

Late on Sunday, state television said that mobs burnt down a mosque and 50 homes on Saturday in Yamethin, about 64 kilometres from Meikhtila, and another mosque and several buildings were also set ablaze in Lewei, further south near the capital, Naypyitaw.

The government has put the total death toll at 32, and authorities say they have detained at least 35 people allegedly involved in arson and violence in the region.

The spread of violence is posing major challenged to stability as Thein Sein's administration, led by retired military officers, struggles to reform the South-east Asian country after half a century of army rule officially ended two years ago.

Two similar episodes rocked western Rakhine state last year, pitting ethnic Rakhine Buddhists against Rohingya Muslims who are widely denigrated as illegal migrants from Bangladesh and are denied passports as a result. The Muslim population of central Myanmar, by contrast, is mostly of Indian origin and does not face the same questions over nationality.

Analysts say the emergence of sectarian conflict here is a worrying development, one that indicates violent anti-Muslim sentiment has spread unabated into the country's heartland. Muslims make up about four per cent of the predominantly Buddhist country's roughly 60 million people.

The bloodshed "shows that inter-communal tensions in Myanmar are not just limited to the Rakhine and Rohingya in northern Rakhine state," said Jim Della-Giacoma of the International Crisis Group. "Myanmar is a country with dozens of localised fault lines and grievances that were papered over during the authoritarian years that we are just beginning to see and understand. It is a paradox of transitions that greater freedom does allows these local conflicts to resurface."

"If a democratic state is the nation's goal, they need to find a place for all its people as equal citizens," Mr Della-Giacoma said. "Given the country's history, it won't be easy."

On Sunday, Vijay Nambiar, the UN secretary-general's special adviser on Myanmar, toured Meikhtila and called on the government to punish those responsible.

He also visited some of the nearly 10,000 people driven from their homes in the unrest. Most of the displaced are minority Muslims, who appeared to have suffered the brunt of the violence as armed Buddhist mobs roamed city.

Mr Nambiar said he was encouraged to learn that some individuals in both communities had bravely helped each other and that religious leaders were now advocating peace. He said the people he spoke to believe the violence "was the work of outsiders", but he gave no details.

"There is a certain degree of fear and anxiety among the people, but there is no hatred," Mr Nambiar said after visiting both groups on Sunday and promising the United Nations would provide as much help as it can to get the city back on its feet. "They feel a sense of community and that it is a very good thing because they have worked together and lived together."

But he added: "It is important to catch the perpetrators. It is important that they be caught and punished."