US soldier asks for the chance to go to college as sentencing hearing is told of psychological problems that led him to leak military secrets.
Manning pleads for a second chance
FORT MEADE, Maryland // The US soldier Bradley Manning, taking the stand at his sentencing hearing, apologised for hurting his country by giving classified information to WikiLeaks and pleaded with a judge for the chance to go to college and become a productive citizen.
The 25-year-old addressed the court on Wednesday after a day of testimony about his troubled childhood, and the extreme psychological pressure that experts said he felt in the "hyper-masculine" military because of his gender-identity disorder - his feeling that he was a woman trapped in a man's body.
One psychiatrist said that Manning has symptoms of fetal alcohol syndrome and Asperger syndrome, which is an autism spectrum disorder.
"I am sorry that my actions hurt people. I'm sorry that they hurt the United States," Manning said.
The soldier said he understood what he was doing but that he did not believe at the time that leaking the classified information to the anti-secrecy website would cause harm to the US.
The release of diplomatic cables, warzone logs and videos was the largest leak of documents in US history.
Manning could be sentenced to 90 years in prison for the leaks, which occurred while he was working as an Army intelligence analyst in Iraq in 2010.
He appeared to struggle to contain his emotions several times during testimony from his sister, an aunt and two mental-health counsellors, one of whom had treated him and another who had diagnosed him with several problems.
His conciliatory tone was at odds with the statement he gave in court in February, when he condemned the actions of US soldiers overseas and what he called the military's "bloodlust".
Manning's apology could carry substantial weight with the military judge, said Eugene Fidell, who teaches military justice at Yale.
But the WikiLeaks founder, Julian Assange, said he believed the apology was forced.
"It took three years and millions of dollars to extract two minutes of tactical remorse from this brave soldier," he said.
Manning's attorneys contended that he showed clear signs of deteriorating mental health that should have prevented commanders from sending him to a war zone to handle classified information.
Manning eventually came out to Capt Michael Worsley, emailing the therapist a photo of himself in a long, blond wig and wearing lipstick.
The photo was attached to a letter in which Manning described his problem and his hopes that a military career would "get rid of it".
Capt Worsley testified on Wednesday that the soldier had been struggling under extreme conditions.
"You put him in that kind of hyper-masculine environment, if you will, with little support and few coping skills, the pressure would have been difficult to say the least," Capt Worsley said. "It would have been incredible."
Navy Capt David Moulton, a psychiatrist who spent 21 hours interviewing Manning after his arrest, testified that Manning's gender-identity disorder, combined with narcissistic personality traits, idealism and his lack of friends in Iraq, caused him to conclude he could change the world by leaking classified information.
He said Manning was struggling to balance his desire to right wrongs with his sense of duty to complete his Army tasks and his fear of losing his GI benefits and the opportunity to attend college.
"His decision-making capacity was influenced by the stress of his situation for sure," Capt Moulton said.