Abu Dhabi, UAETuesday 19 November 2019

Illegal loggers kill indigenous forest guard in Amazon ambush

Invasions of protected reservations have increased under President Jair Bolsonaro

Paulo Paulino Guajajara was hunting inside the Arariboia reservation in Maranhao state when he was attacked and killed by illegal loggers on Friday. Reuters
Paulo Paulino Guajajara was hunting inside the Arariboia reservation in Maranhao state when he was attacked and killed by illegal loggers on Friday. Reuters

Illegal loggers in the Amazon ambushed an indigenous group that was formed to protect the forest, shooting dead a young warrior and wounding another, leaders of the Guajajara tribe in northern Brazil said on Saturday.

Paulo Paulino Guajajara, or Lobo (which means "wolf" in Portuguese), was hunting on Friday inside the Arariboia reservation in Maranhao state when he was attacked and shot in the head. Another Guajajara, Laercio, was wounded but escaped, they said.

The clash comes amid an increase in invasions of reservations by illegal loggers and miners since right-wing President Jair Bolsonaro took office this year and vowed to open up protected indigenous lands to economic development.

Paulo Paulino Guajajara searches for illegal loggers on Arariboia indigenous land in September. Reuters
Paulo Paulino Guajajara searches for illegal loggers on Arariboia indigenous land in September. Reuters

"The Bolsonaro government has indigenous blood on its hands," Brazil's pan-indigenous organisation Apib, which represents many of the country's 900,000 native people, said on Saturday.

"The increase in violence in indigenous territories is a direct result of his hateful speeches and steps taken against our people."

Apib leader Sonia Guajajara said the government was dismantling environmental and indigenous agencies and leaving tribes to defend themselves from invasion of their lands.

"It's time to say enough of this institutionalised genocide," she said in a post on Twitter.

Brazil's federal police said they had sent a team to investigate the circumstances of Paulino Guajajara's death. Apib said his body was still lying in the forest where he was killed.

The Guajajaras, one of Brazil's largest indigenous groups with some 20,000 people, set up the Guardians of the Forest in 2012 to patrol a vast reservation.

The area is so large that a small and endangered tribe, the Awa Guaja, live deep in the forest without any contact with the outside world.

Paulino Guajajara, who was in his twenties and leaves behind one son, told Reuters in an interview on the reservation in September that protecting the forest from intruders had become a dangerous task, but his people could not give in to fear.

"I'm scared at times, but we have to lift up our heads and act. We are here fighting," he said, as he and other warriors prepared to move through the forest towards a logging camp.

"We are protecting our land and the life on it, the animals, the birds, even the Awa who are here too.

"There is so much destruction of nature happening, good trees with wood as hard as steel being cut down and taken away.

"We have to preserve this life for our children's future."

Updated: November 3, 2019 08:44 AM

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