Conflict becomes more complex, with rebel groups turning their guns on one another.
Syrian rebel groups urge Al Qaeda and western-backed rebels to end infighting
BEIRUT // Six Syrian rebel groups called on Al Qaeda and its rival western-backed rebels to end their infighting in northern Syria as international inspectors tasked with overseeing the destruction of the government’s chemical arsenal pressed on with their second full day of work in the country yesterday.
The inspectors’ mission – endorsed by a UN Security Council resolution last week – is to scrap Syria’s capacity to manufacture chemical weapons by November 1 and to destroy the entire stockpile of president Bashar Al Assad’s estimated 1,000-tonne arsenal of chemical weapons by mid-2014.
They are working against the backdrop of a relentless civil war that has pitted a wide array of opposition fighters and groups against Mr Assad’s troops and pro-government militiamen in all major cities and their surroundings.
The conflict, now in its third year, has recently become even more complex, with rebel groups turning their guns on one another – particularly in the north where opposition fighters are now battling over territory they captured together from government troops in the past year.
The rebel infighting underscores the security challenges that the international weapons experts face as they work amid the civil war.
In a statement released late on Wednesday, six rebel groups urged the two major rebel factions battling each other around the town of Azaz near the border with Turkey to “cease the fire immediately” and resolve their differences before an Islamic court.
The two major factions are Al Qaeda’s Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant on one side, and the western-backed Free Syrian Army’s Northern Storm Brigade on the other.
The Britain-based Syrian Observatory for Human Rights, which documents the civil war and also the rebel-on-rebel fighting, said those that signed the appeal included the Islamic Army, the Tawheed Brigade and Ahrar Al Sham group – all affiliated with the western-backed FSA alliance.
The appeal also called on the Al Qaeda group to withdraw its fighters to areas where they were before Azaz clashes erupted late last month.
Meanwhile, a convoy of three UN vehicles left from a hotel in central Damascus on Thursday with nine experts from the Netherlands-based chemical weapons watchdog, but it was not clear where they were heading. Their daily work has been shrouded in as much secrecy as is possible in Syria. Their mission stems from a deadly August 21 attack on opposition-held Damascus suburbs in which the UN has determined the nerve agent sarin was used.
Also yesterday, an international human rights organisation released a report accusing the Assad government of unlawfully holding tens of thousands of regime opponents and torturing many in custody.
Those arrested include medics who treated wounded protesters, businessmen who raised money for displaced Syrians and even software developers who worked with citizen journalists, said Human Rights Watch.
* Associated Press