Jang Song-thaek, once seen as leader Kim Jong Un's mentor, dismissed in Pyongyang's highest-profile fall from grace since Mr Kim took power two years ago.
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SEOUL // North Korea announced on Monday it had sacked leader Kim Jong Un’s uncle, long considered the country’s No 2 power, saying corruption, drug use, gambling, womanising and generally leading a “dissolute and depraved life” had caused Pyongyang’s highest-profile fall from grace since Mr Kim took power two years ago.
The removal of Jang Song-thaek, once seen as Mr Kim’s mentor, is the most significant in a series of purges the young leader has conducted in an apparent effort to bolster his power since his father’s 2011 death. But worries remained over whether the expulsion of such a senior figure could instead lead to less stability and open up the possibility of a power struggle.
The confirmation that Pyongyang had “eliminated Jang and purged his group”, carried in an unusually detailed and lengthy dispatch by the North’s official Korean Central News Agency, was seen by some analysts as a warning against dissent. It came about a week after South Korea’s spy agency said that two of Mr Jang’s closest assistants had been executed for corruption.
North Korean state TV showed an image of two uniformed guards holding Mr Jang by the arms at a meeting of the country’s political bureau as dozens of dark-suited officials seated behind rows of long desks looked on.
With tensions on the Korean Peninsula still high following a torrent of threats in March and April by Mr Kim’s government against Washington, Seoul and Tokyo, there were fears in Seoul that confusion in the North could lead to a miscalculation or attack. Experts believe Pyongyang has a handful of crude nuclear bombs. South Korea’s defence ministry said there have been no suspicious military movements, however.
The allegations against Mr Jang, 67, couldn’t be independently confirmed, and there was no mention of further punishment for him.
Mr Jang, seen by outsiders as the North’s leading supporter of Chinese-style economic reforms, has reportedly been cast down before only to return to power. But yesterday’s announcement was especially shrill, even by the standards of North Korea’s state media, suggesting this time he won’t be coming back.
“I believe it shows Kim Jong Un is firmly in control and confident enough to remove even the senior-most officials,” said Bruce Klingner, an Asia specialist at the conservative Heritage Foundation think tank in Washington. “Kim has purged hundreds of officials since ascending the throne two years ago. ... Kim originally focused his wrath against the military, but by removing Jang, a senior Korea Workers’ Party official, the bloodletting may now be directed against real or imagined enemies within the party structure.”
Mr Jang – who is married to Kim Jong Un’s aunt, Kim Kyong Hui, the younger sister of Kim Jong-il – was described as “abusing his power”, being “engrossed in irregularities and corruption”, and taking drugs and squandering money at casinos while undergoing medical treatment in a foreign country. The dispatch also said he had “improper relations with several women and was wined and dined at back parlours of deluxe restaurants”.
“Affected by the capitalist way of living, Mr Jang committed irregularities and corruption and led a dissolute and depraved life,” it said.
The decision to strip Mr Jang of all posts and titles and expel him from the ruling Workers’ Party was made at a political bureau meeting of the party’s central committee on Sunday. The dispatch also said that the purge would extend to supporters of Mr Jang but did not provide details.
A recent state documentary in the North that aired Saturday had all images of Mr Jang removed.
Referring to North Korea as a “popular democratic dictatorship,” yesterday’s state media dispatch said “Jang seriously obstructed the nation’s economic affairs and the improvement of the standard of people’s living.” Kim Jong Un has vowed to lift the country from poverty while also pursuing a nuclear weapons programme that has drawn worldwide criticism – and heavy economic sanctions.
The announcement also hinted that Mr Jang was trying to build a power base of his own to rival that of the party status quo, saying that he committed anti-party, counter-revolutionary acts and “pretended to uphold the party and leader” while double-dealing behind the scenes.
Mr Jang has held a string of senior jobs, including membership in the National Defense Commission, the government’s top ruling body. He served as a leading economic policy official in charge of the push to draw foreign investment, travelling in 2012 to China to discuss the establishment of special economic zones. He had also assumed responsibility for North Korea’s burgeoning sports industry, a pet project of Kim Jong Un’s.
Kim Jong Un has reportedly overseen other purges of senior officials, though none as high profile as this one.
One of the most notable personnel changes was the 2012 firing of military chief Ri Yong Ho, who was once also dubbed a mentor to Kim Jong Un. State media said he was dismissed in July 2012 due to an unspecified illness, but analysts speculated that Ri was purged because Kim wanted to reshape the power structure.
The North publicly executed 17 people last year and 40 this year, according to lawmakers in Seoul who were briefed by South Korea’s spy agency last week.