Relief felt by residents of southern Yemeni town of Jaar when government troops drove Al Qaeda's local allies out last week has been tempered with worry, as looters ransack abandoned houses in their wake.
Yemenis say Al Qaeda gave town security, at a cost
JAAR, YEMEN // For 15 months, residents of the southern Yemeni town of Jaar lived under the watchful gaze of armed young men who swore allegiance to Al Qaeda, woke people at dawn to pray, and chopped off the hands of thieves in the name of Islamic law.
But the relief that they felt when government troops drove Al Qaeda's local allies out last week was tempered with worry, as looters ransacked abandoned houses in their wake.
In a town on the frontline of a war on Al Qaeda - whose alleged members the United States targets with drone strikes - some wondered whether a state whose neglect was a main theme of Islamist rhetoric would now manage to govern.
Although some of Jaar's 100,000 people saw Islamist rule as a nightmare, they acknowledged it had also been a respite from the lawlessness that gripped Yemen during the uprising that eventually forced Ali Abdullah Saleh, the president, to step down.
"People felt secure and safe [under Al Qaeda]," said Mohammed Mohsen Bakr, a street vendor. "People would leave their shops open when they went to pray and when we came back our goods were untouched," he added.
Mr Bakr said before Islamist militants took over Jaar, vendors like himself were forced to make regular payments to local gangsters in order to carry on their businesses, and that shakedowns resumed the day the Islamists fled.
Such crimes have been carried out regularly in other parts of southern Yemen, including Aden.
Early in last year's uprising against Mr Saleh, Ansar Al Sharia (Partisans of Islamic Law) seized three cities in Abyan province, taking its provincial capital Zinjibar after Jaar, which they renamed "the emirate of Waqar".
They also captured the port town of Shaqra and Azzan, a town in the adjacent Shabwa province.
The Yemeni army, backed by US air strikes, drove the militants from Jaar and Zinjibar last Tuesday after five weeks of fighting that killed hundreds on both sides, and captured their last Abyan stronghold on Friday.
The offensive appeared to end the experiment with Islamist rule in Jaar, one of the areas Ansar Al Sharia seized with scarcely a fight from Mr Saleh's troops, some of whom had been withdrawn to parts of the country where protests were growing.
Inspired by Somali Islamist group Al Shabab across the Gulf of Aden, the militants set up sharia courts and trumpeted punishments given to robbers and murderers, to the satisfaction of some of the population in a conservative country.
"Al Qaeda members made us feel safe, they cut off the hands of thieves," said Jaar resident Ali Ba Ali. "This is part of Sharia, those who steal should have their hands cut off."
It was not the first time Islamists claimed the right to rule territory in Yemen, where tribal and factional loyalties have often counted for more than the writ of the state, which had a negligible presence.