Abu Dhabi, UAEThursday 27 June 2019

US ambassador: Israel 'has the right' to annex parts of West Bank

Trump peace plan will fall short of permanent solution to Israeli-Palestinian conflict, David Friedman says

US Ambassador to Israel David Friedman, right, stands with Secretary of State Mike Pompeo next to the dedication plaque at the US embassy in Jerusalem. Reuters
US Ambassador to Israel David Friedman, right, stands with Secretary of State Mike Pompeo next to the dedication plaque at the US embassy in Jerusalem. Reuters

The US ambassador has said Israel has the right to annex at least "some" of the occupied West Bank, in comments likely to deepen Palestinian opposition to a long-awaited US peace plan.

The Palestinians have rejected the plan before it has even been unveiled, citing a string of moves by US President Donald Trump that they say show his administration is biased towards Israel.

They are likely to see the latest comments by US ambassador to Israel David Friedman as new nail in the coffin of a peace process that is already on life support.

In the interview published by the New York Times on Saturday, Mr Friedman said that some degree of annexation of the West Bank would be legitimate.

"Under certain circumstances, I think Israel has the right to retain some, but unlikely all, of the West Bank," he said.

Senior Palestinian official Saeb Erekat has said any such policy would be tantamount to "US complicity with Israeli colonial plans".

The establishment of a Palestinian state in territories, including the West Bank, that Israel occupied in the 1967 Arab-Israeli War has been the focus of all past Middle East peace plans.

No firm date has yet been set for the unveiling of the Trump administration's plan although a conference is to be held in Bahrain later this month on its economic aspects. Officials from the Palestinian Authority, which cut off contacts with the US administration after Mr Trump recognised Jerusalem as the Israeli capital in December 2017, were not invited to take part. Prominent Palestinian businessmen have said they will not attend.

The public comments made by administration officials so far suggest the plan will lean heavily on substantial financial support for the Palestinian economy, much of it funded by the Gulf Arab states, in return for concessions on territory and statehood.

The main architect of the peace plan, Mr Trump's senior adviser and son-in-law Jared Kushner, and other officials involved have been evasive about whether the plan provides for the independent state sought by Palestinians.

Asked by The Times whether the plan envisioned a Palestinian state, Mr Friedman replied: “What’s a state?”

He said the US push for peace was motivated by the belief that the dangers confronting Israel now were far greater than when the Oslo peace process began in the early 1990s.

"The absolute last thing the world needs is a failed Palestinian state between Israel and Jordan," he said.

The Trump plan was aimed at improving the quality of life for Palestinians but would fall well short of a "permanent resolution to the conflict", Mr Friedman, a staunch supporter of Israeli settlement in the occupied territories, told the Times.

"Maybe they won't take it, maybe it doesn't meet their minimums.

"We're relying upon the fact that the right plan, for the right time, will get the right reaction over time."

He said he did not believe the plan would trigger Palestinian violence.

But he said the United States would coordinate closely with Arab ally Jordan, which could face unrest among its large Palestinian population over a plan perceived as overly favourable to Israel.

Publication of the plan looks set to be further delayed after the Israeli parliament called a snap general election for September, the second this year.

The plan is regarded as too sensitive to release during the campaign.

During campaigning for the first general election in April, Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu pledged to annex West Bank Jewish settlements, a move long supported by nearly all members in his alliance of right-wing and religious parties.

Earlier, in February, Mr Netanyahu told legislators he had been discussing with Washington a plan that would effectively annex settlements.

In a rare public show of disunity between the close allies, the White House then flatly denied any such discussion.

Following persistent expansion of the settlements by successive Netanyahu governments, more than 600,000 Jewish settlers now live in the West Bank, including annexed East Jerusalem, among some three million Palestinians.

The international community regards the settlements as illegal and the biggest obstacle to peace.

Updated: June 8, 2019 10:10 PM

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