The Saudi Arabian succession process
– The king nominates one, two or three candidates to become crown prince and the Allegiance Council votes to approve his choice or select one of his nominees. If the council does not find any of his candidates suitable, it can produce its own nominee from the sons or grandsons of Abdulaziz Ibn Saud, the kingdom's founder.
– Under new succession rules, the council has the ultimate say on succession instead of the king.
– If the king and the crown prince die at the same time, the council will choose, within seven days, the most suitable candidate from the sons of Abdulaziz Ibn Saud or their sons and will then call for swearing allegiance to him as king. The transitory ruling council will administer affairs of state until the king has been proclaimed.
– If the king falls sick, he can assign a medical committee to declare him unfit to rule and transfer power temporarily to the crown prince.
– If a second medical report determines that the king is unable to resume his duties, the Allegiance Council can elevate the crown prince in his place.
– If both the king and crown prince fall ill, the council can set up a transitional authority of five princes to take charge until one of the top men recovers.
– If a medical report determines that they will not recover, the council must elect a new king within a week from the sons or grandsons of the kingdom's founder.