Saudi Arabia's King Abdullah has extended an amnesty for foreign workers to obtain legal status in the country until the end of the Islamic year on November 3.
Saudi Arabia extends amnesty deadline for illegal expat workers
Foreigners who do a different job to the one listed on their residence permit, will now have until the end of the Islamic year on November 3 to resolve their status, Saudi official media reported citing an interior ministry statement.
A deadline for a previous three-month amnesty had been set to expire today.
Expatriates account for about a third of the population and for decades the authorities have turned a blind eye to visa irregularities to give Saudi companies a ready stream of cheap imported labour.
That has led to the emergence of a labour black market, which the government says makes it harder for Saudis to get jobs in a country with an official 12 per cent unemployment rate, and which economists say fosters inefficiencies.
Remittances from workers in Saudi Arabia are an important source of revenue in Yemen, Pakistan, India, Sri Lanka, Indonesia, the and the Philippines.
Earlier this year the kingdom began to crack down on the many foreign workers who have violated their visa terms with surprise inspections on streets and in company offices.
Tens of thousands of people were deported or decided to leave the country under this pressure, raising concern about possible damage to the economy if deportations continued.
The government then announced an amnesty during which workers would be forgiven any fees or fines for visa violations such as overstaying or switching jobs, but bureaucratic delays mean many have still not regularised their status.
"They might have deported me. This is the situation for so many of us. I was very worried. We didn't know what would happen on Wednesday [when the deadline expired]," said a Pakistani working as a receptionist for a company in Riyadh.
Behind the crackdown is a government effort to enforce sweeping labour reforms it introduced last year that impose quotas for Saudi and foreign employees and reserve some jobs exclusively for Saudis.
Companies try to get around localisation quotas by hiring workers who are officially sponsored by another company. However, the government is trying to close that loophole by imposing the same quotas on manpower companies.
Workers are also in violation if they work in a different professional field to the one they are listed under, a widespread problem in a country where many expatriates are officially listed as labourers but work as anything from drivers to administrators.
"Maybe 30 to 35 per cent of our staff are correctly registered. I have 10 people under the sponsorship of our company, of whom six are Saudis. So technically we've met our quota. But there are 12 others who are employed from outside," said an office manager in Riyadh.
"If they hadn't extended I would have had to ask many of our staff to work from home from tomorrow or to stop working temporarily until we could resolve the problem," he added.
Like the receptionist, he did not want to name the company for fear of government inspections.