Israeli forces killed nine Palestinians as thousands protested and clashes erupted along the Gaza border on Friday, a week after a mass demonstration led to violence and the bloodiest day since a 2014 war.
Gaza's health ministry also reported that 408 Palestinians had been taken to hospitals and medical centres for treatment. The dead included a 16-year-old, it said.
One of the dead was Yasser Murtaga, a photographer with Ain media.
Murtaga was over 100 metres from the border, wearing a flak jacket marked "press" and holding his camera when he was shot in an exposed area just below the armpit.
Yasser Murtaja, a young photographer with a Palestinian media agency, has died after being shot on the Gaza border. Was apparently wearing press vest. Photographer colleagues here say he was always smiling pic.twitter.com/swO0uELAr3
At least six other reporters were shot and wounded, according to a statement from the Palestinian Journalists Syndicate. A spokeswoman for the Israeli army had no immediate comment on the statement.
Palestinians burned mounds of tyres and threw stones at Israeli soldiers over the border fence, who responded with tear gas and live fire.
Israel said there were also attempts to break through the barrier.
Thousands of protesters - Israel estimated 20,000 - gathered in locations near the border east of Khan Yunis, in the south of the blockaded Palestinian enclave, and east of Gaza City, among other spots.
The number of protesters, however, was lower than last week, when a demonstration by tens of thousands led to clashes in which Israeli forces killed 19 Palestinians on March 30.
The tyre fires were meant to be a smokescreen from Israeli snipers, and thick black smoke covered the border area in some places.
Israeli forces took up positions on the other side of the border and set up large fans in a bid to push away smoke.
They also used water cannon to try to douse flames.
Hamas's leader in Gaza, Yahya Sinwar, hailed the protests and condemned Israel's blockade of the Gaza Strip.
"They said Gaza would give up its principles, its project of liberation and (dream) of return if they starve it, but Gaza is coming out today," he said to protesters east of Khan Yunis.
He referred to the protest's call for Palestinian refugees to be able to return to land they fled or were expelled from what is now Israel.
Sinwar said Gazans would "break the border and return to our land and pray in Jerusalem".
Israel's military said "attempts were made to infiltrate into Israel under the cover of a smoke screen."
It also said explosive devices and firebombs were thrown, adding that soldiers opened fire "in accordance with the rules of engagement".
Israeli army spokesman Brigadier General Ronen Manelis defined the day's events as a success.
"None of our troops were wounded, the border was not crossed," he said, noting that what happened last week had "deterred Hamas, which prevented the masses from approaching the (border) fence".
Mona Al Shaar, 43, who was distributing bottles of vinegar to protesters east of Khan Yunis to dab onto tissues to help them cope with tear gas, said: "We came here for the land and for a better future."
"The Israelis are cowards."
Israel had warned that its open-fire rules would remain unchanged for Friday's protest, pledging to stop damage to the fence and prevent infiltrations or alleged attacks.
It had faced mounting criticism over its use of live fire, and UN chief Antonio Guterres called for restraint ahead of the new protest.
"I particularly urge Israel to exercise extreme caution with the use of force in order to avoid casualties," he said.
Israel accuses Hamas, the Islamist movement that runs the Gaza Strip and with whom it has fought three wars since 2008, of using the protests as cover to carry out violence.
Late Friday, Israeli authorities informed the Palestinian official who oversees the entry of goods into Gaza that a delivery of truckloads of tyres set to enter from Israel on Sunday had been cancelled, in the wake of their use by demonstrators.
Raed Fattouh said the Israeli side had told him tyres would not be entering Gaza "until further notice".
Israel says more than half of the dead from the previous Friday were members of militant groups, including the armed wing of Hamas.
Hamas's armed wing has claimed only five of them, saying they were participating "in popular events side-by-side with their people".
Militant group Islamic Jihad has claimed at least one of the dead as a member.
Hamas has meanwhile offered compensation of $3,000 to the families of protesters killed and $500 for those seriously injured, drawing outrage from Israel.
The protests in support of refugees are designed to last six weeks.
More than 700,000 Palestinians fled or were expelled from their lands during the war surrounding Israel's creation in 1948.
Israelis say allowing the so-called "right of return" would mean their country would cease to exist.
Protests will run until the expected opening of the new US embassy in Jerusalem in mid-May.
The US move has led to deep anger among Palestinians, who see the annexed eastern sector of Jerusalem as the capital of their future state.
The White House on Thursday refrained from criticism of Israel and called on protesters to remain peaceful.