Abu Dhabi, UAESunday 20 September 2020

Israel's claim of normalisation talks with Sudan surprises Khartoum

Sudanese Cabinet said it had not been told about any meeting between Netanyahu and Gen Al Burhan

Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu gives a joint press conference with Uganda's President at the State House in Entebbe, Uganda, on February 3, 2020. AFP
Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu gives a joint press conference with Uganda's President at the State House in Entebbe, Uganda, on February 3, 2020. AFP

A statement by Israel that it was normalising relations with Sudan has been met with confusion from the Sudanese Cabinet and people.

The Cabinet said it had not been told of a reported meeting this week between Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu and Gen Abdel Fattah Al Burhan, leader of Sudan’s Sovereignty Council, in the Ugandan city of Entebbe.

The meeting was said to have happened a day after Sudan announced that US President Donald Trump’s administration has invited Gen Al Burhan to visit Washington.

But Sudan’s Cabinet met yesterday, saying it had not been informed about the meeting.

It also came days after the Arab League, of which Sudan is a member, rejected Mr Trump’s much-criticised plan to solve the Palestinian-Israeli conflict.

The lack of clarity around the meeting and the US invitation had some analysts speculating that Sudan could be restoring communication with Israel to have its name removed from a US list of state sponsors of terrorism.

That would allow Khartoum to gain access to financial aid from international donors to help overhaul its ailing economy .

Israel’s claim to be improving ties could also be of benefit to Mr Netanyahu before his March 2 re-election bid.The meeting took place at a time when Arabs are seething over what they see as a US Middle East plan heavily biased in favour of Israel.

Palestinian President Mahmoud Abbas described the plan, which sets near-impossible conditions for the creation of a Palestinian state, as nonsense.

The Palestinians also reacted fiercely to news of a possible Sudanese-Israeli rapprochement.

Saeb Erekat, secretary general of the Palestine Liberation Organisation, said it would be a “stab in the back”.

But experts were sceptical of the prospect of blossoming ties between Israel and Sudan, long divided over Khartoum’s ties with Iran, or that it would be welcomed in the country and the Arab world.

“In the big picture, normalised relations between Sudan and Israel make little difference,” said Mohammed Salem of the Egyptian Council of Foreign Affairs, a former resident of Sudan.

Sudan has won a prominent place in the annals of the Arab-Israeli conflict when it hosted Arab leaders after the June 1967 war against Israel, in which the Israelis captured Egypt’s Sinai, the West Bank and Jerusalem and Syria’s Golan Heights.

The summit’s resolution defined the next stage of the conflict, categorically rejecting peace and negotiations with Israel or recognising it in what has become popularly known as Khartoum’s “three nos.”

Sudan also provided a haven for squadrons of the Egyptian air force and academy to shield them from Israel’s air superiority after the 1967 defeat.

In 1973, Sudanese troops fought alongside the Egyptians in what has become Egypt’s last war against Israel. Egypt signed a peace treaty with Israel in 1979.

In 2009, Israel’s warplanes were reported to have struck an arms convoy inside Sudan that was destined for the militant Palestinian group Hamas in the Gaza Strip.

But there is a new political order in Sudan after the military’s removal last April of longtime dictator Omar Al Bashir.

Sudan is no longer close to Iran, Israel’s arch-enemy, and there is little stomach in the country now for Hamas, chiefly over its links to the Muslim Brotherhood, of which Al Bashir was a follower.

A 39-month transitional period began in August last year when the military and leaders of the opposition signed a power-sharing agreement.

As part of that pact, Gen Al Burhan has taken over the helm of the 11-member Sovereignty Council for 18 months before a civilian from the left-leaning opposition movement replaces him.

“No one thought this could ever happen,” pro-democracy activist Sulaima Shareef told The National from Khartoum.

“People are divided in Sudan over the meeting. Some say it will lift US sanctions linked to the list of state sponsors of terrorism.

"Others believe that lifting the sanctions is a legitimate right for which no price should have been paid. I personally have mixed feelings. It was a total surprise that I wasn’t prepared for.”

Hany Raslan, a Sudan expert at Cairo’s Al Ahram Centre for Political and Strategic Studies, believes that the idea of Sudan forging normalised relations with Israel was unlikely to become a disputed policy or dominate the national conversation.

But he warned that Al Bashir’s supporters could use such a move to rally opposition to the new regime in Sudan and even incite homegrown militants to react violently.

“The new regime in Sudan wants to turn the page of Al Bashir’s era and end the country’s international isolation," Mr Raslan said.

"It realises that the gateway to the international community is for Sudan’s name to be lifted from the list of state sponsors of terrorism. This is of paramount interest to Sudan as its economic woes ominously deepen."

Updated: February 5, 2020 01:02 AM

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