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Abu Dhabi, UAEMonday 18 June 2018

ISIL caliphate's end 'in sight' after Raqqa fall, Trump says

The US and its allies will support diplomatic negotiations 'that end the violence, allow refugees to return safely home, and yield a political transition that honours the will of the Syrian people,' Mr Trump said in a statement

A fighter of the Syrian Democratic Forces stands amid the ruins of buildings near the Clock Square in Raqqa, Syria on October 18, 2017. Erik De Castro / Reuters
A fighter of the Syrian Democratic Forces stands amid the ruins of buildings near the Clock Square in Raqqa, Syria on October 18, 2017. Erik De Castro / Reuters

US president Donald Trump said a transition can soon begin to set conditions for lasting peace in Syria now that the end of the ISIL "caliphate is in sight" with the fall of Raqqa.

The United States and its allies will support diplomatic negotiations "that end the violence, allow refugees to return safely home, and yield a political transition that honours the will of the Syrian people," Mr Trump said in a statement on Saturday.

The declaration came four days after US-backed Kurdish-led forces recaptured Raqqa, the capital of ISIL's self-proclaimed caliphate and its last major stronghold in Syria.

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Read more:

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There are many challenges in the wake of ISIL's defeat, but there's also opportunities

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Mr Trump said the entire city has been liberated from ISIL control, which he said marked a "critical breakthrough" in the global struggle against the militant group.

"With the liberation of ISIS's capital and the vast majority of its territory, the end of the ISIS caliphate is in sight," Mr Trump said, using an alternate acronym for ISIL.

"We will soon transition into a new phase in which we will support local security forces, de-escalate violence across Syria, and advance the conditions for lasting peace, so that the terrorists cannot return to threaten our collective security again."

Since capturing it in 2014, ISIL had used Raqqa as a base for planning and conducting attacks in the west, including the November 13, 2015 suicide bombings and mass shootings in Paris that killed 130 people.

French foreign minister Yves Le Drian celebrated ISIL's defeat on Friday and declared "the crimes of the Bataclan have not gone unpunished", referring to the concert venue where ISIL jihadists massacred 90 concertgoers.

A view of Naim Square after its liberation in central Raqqa, Syria, on October 18, 2017. The square was used by ISIL extremists to perform public executions, beheadings and crucifixions during their three-year rule of the city. Youssef Rabih Youssef / EPA
A view of Naim Square after its liberation in central Raqqa, Syria, on October 18, 2017. The square was used by ISIL extremists to perform public executions, beheadings and crucifixions during their three-year rule of the city. Youssef Rabih Youssef / EPA

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Read more: Naim Square became symbol of ISIL brutality

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The more than four months of fighting have left Raqqa in ruins, however, and taken a heavy toll in human lives.

The Syrian Observatory of Human Rights put the number of dead at more than 3,200, including 1,130 civilians.

A massive reconstruction effort will be needed to make the city habitable again, but it is unclear who will undertake it.

A spokesman for the US-backed Syrian Defense Forces said the city will be handed over to Raqqa's civil council once clearing operations have been completed.

But a French military spokesman said it will be many weeks before civilians can safely return due to "the quantity of explosive devices Daesh left behind".

Mr Trump's statement did not address whether US plans include a commitment to rebuild areas in Syria retaken from ISIL control.

Also unanswered is how Washington will deal with the Russian-backed forces of Syria's president Bashar Al Assad, now that ISIL is effectively being cleared from the battlefield.

So far, the Trump administration has focused on defeating ISIL, but some analysts warn the accelerated campaign is opening the way for Mr Assad and his Russian and Iranian backers to fill the vacuum.

Fighters from Syrian Democratic Forces flash the victory sign as they drive at the northern entrance of Raqqa, Syria, on October 18, 2017. Youssef Rabih Youssef / EPA
Fighters from Syrian Democratic Forces flash the victory sign as they drive at the northern entrance of Raqqa, Syria, on October 18, 2017. Youssef Rabih Youssef / EPA

In his statement, Mr Trump made no mention of removing Mr Assad from power as part of a negotiated political solution, a goal pursued unsuccessfully by former president Barack Obama.

Mr Trump had already signalled a turn away from that objective earlier this year when he shut down a clandestine CIA programme to supply Syrian rebels with arms.

Syrian government forces, meanwhile, are engaged in twin Russian-backed offensives against ISIL, mopping up the last pockets it still holds in the desert and pushing down the Euphrates Valley towards the Iraqi border in the east.

Earlier on Saturday, Syrian troops and militia retook the desert town of Al Qaryatain, in Homs province, in the latest setback for ISIL, according to Syrian state media.

The Syrian Observatory of Human Rights said more than 200 ISIL fighters had withdrawn during the night into the desert, which stretches all the way to the Iraqi border.