Authorities step up security at vital installations in anticipation of renewed unrest, deploying additional troops outside parliament and the cabinet.
Cairo on alert after 24 people killed in riots
CAIRO // Dozens of "instigators of chaos" were arrested today after clashes between Christians, Muslims and security forces that left 24 dead and at least 200 wounded.
Sunday's clashes, sparked by a recent attack on a church in southern Egypt, were the worst sectarian violence since the uprising that ousted Hosni Mubarak in February.
The Mena news agency did not report whether those arrested were Christians or Muslims.
Egypt's state television reported authorities stepped up security at vital installations in anticipation of renewed unrest, deploying additional troops outside parliament and the cabinet.
The rioting in downtown Cairo lasted until late into Sunday night, bringing out a deployment of more than 1,000 security forces and armoured vehicles to defend the Nile-side state television building, where the trouble began.
The clashes spread from outside the television building to nearby Tahrir Square, drawing thousands of people to the vast plaza that served as the epicentre of the protests that ousted Mr Mubarak. On Sunday night, they battled each other with rocks and firebombs, some tearing up pavement for ammunition and others collecting stones in boxes.
At one point, an armoured security van sped into the crowd, striking a half-dozen protesters and throwing some into the air. Protesters retaliated by setting fire to military vehicles, a bus and private cars, sending flames rising into the night sky.
After midnight, mobs roamed downtown streets, attacking cars they suspected had Christian passengers. In many areas, there was no visible police or army presence to confront or stop them.
Christians, who make up about 10 per cent of Egypt's 80 million people, blame the country's ruling military council for being too lenient on those behind a spate of anti-Christian attacks since Mubarak's ouster. As Egypt undergoes a chaotic power transition and security vacuum after the uprising, the Coptic Christian minority is particularly worried about the show of force by ultraconservative Islamists.
The prime minister, Essam Sharaf, addressing the nation in a televised speech, said the violence threatened to throw Egypt's post-Mubarak transition off course.
"These events have taken us back several steps," he said. "Instead of moving forward to build a modern state on democratic principles we are back to seeking stability and searching for hidden hands - domestic and foreign - that meddle with the country's security and safety."
"I call on Egyptian people, Muslims and Christians, women and children, young men and elders to hold their unity," Sharaf said.
The Christian protesters said their demonstration began as a peaceful attempt to sit in at the television building. But then, they said, they came under attack by thugs in plainclothes who rained stones down on them and fired pellets.
"The protest was peaceful. We wanted to hold a sit-in, as usual," said Essam Khalili, a protester wearing a white shirt with a cross on it. "Thugs attacked us and a military vehicle jumped over a pavement and ran over at least 10 people. I saw them."
Mr Khalili said protesters set fire to army vehicles when they saw them hitting the protesters.
Ahmed Yahia, a Muslim resident who lives near the television building, said he saw the military vehicle plough into protesters. "I saw a man's head split into two halves and a second body flattened when the armoured vehicle ran over it. When some Muslims saw the blood they joined the Christians against the army," he said.
Television footage showed the military vehicle slamming into the crowd. Coptic protesters were shown attacking a soldier, while a priest tried to protect him.
At least 24 people were killed in the clashes, the health ministry official, Hisham Sheiha, said.
State media reported that Egypt's interim cabinet was holding an emergency session to discuss the situation.