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Abu Dhabi, UAESaturday 15 December 2018

Assad calls on Syria's Druze minority to do military service

The call comes days after members of the minority were released following a mass ISIS abduction

Young Druze armed men, who carry weapons to defend their village from Islamic State attack, patrol the village of Rami in the southern province of Sweida, Syria. AP
Young Druze armed men, who carry weapons to defend their village from Islamic State attack, patrol the village of Rami in the southern province of Sweida, Syria. AP

Syrian President Bashar al-Assad has called on the country's Druze community to do military service, days after members of the minority were released following a mass abduction in July by the Islamic State group.

Sweida province is the heartland of Syria's Druze minority, who made up around three percent of the country's pre-war population - or around 700,000 people.

Since the conflict erupted in 2011, thousands of Druze, especially those in Sweida, have refused to be conscripted, instead joining local militias promising to protect the region.

Damascus has so far turned a blind eye as long as the Druze militias do not ally with rebel groups.

Speaking to a group of former hostages and their families on Tuesday, Mr Assad thanked the army, saying that without them "the abducted people would not have been freed".

"We owe a great debt to (the army) and as for you... your responsibility is even greater," he said in a video published on the presidency's official Telegram account.

The main way the Druze community could support the army was to do military service, Mr Assad added.

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The Druze, followers of a secretive offshoot of Islam, are considered heretics by the Sunni extremists of IS.

ISIS militants abducted about 30 people – mostly women and children – from Sweida in late July during the deadliest attack on the Druze during the Syrian civil war.

Some of the hostages died while others were freed last month in a prisoner swap. The remaining 19, mostly women and children, were released last week.

Before the war began, Syrian men aged 18 and older had to serve up to two years in the army, after which they became reserves available for call-up in times of crisis.

In the past seven years, fatalities, injuries and defections are estimated to have halved the once 300,000-strong army.

To compensate, the force has relied on reservists and militias as well as indefinitely extending military service for young conscripts.