Swiss far-right lose out in elections amid ‘tidal wave’ of support for Greens
The anti-immigrant Swiss People’s Party suffered heavy losses and was the only major party not to pledge action on the environment
Switzerland's Green Party made historic gains in national elections on Sunday, putting environmentalists in the mix for a seat in the broad coalition that has governed the country for decades.
The far-right Swiss People's Party (SVP) remained in first place, according to projections after the parliamentary election, but, like other big parties, lost ground as environmentalist parties seized on voters' concerns about climate change to shake up the political establishment.
The results mark "a tectonic shift", said Green Party president Regula Rytz, and the left-wing party called for the "urgent convening of a national climate summit".
The Greens garnered 13.2 per cent of the vote, exceeding their pre-election projection — a six-point bump on their 2015 performance.
The Green Liberals, an environmentalist party with libertarian socio-economic policies, also gained ground, taking 7.8 per cent of the vote compared with less than five per cent in 2015.
"It's more than a wave, it's a tidal wave on the Swiss scale," political scientist Pascal Sciarini told AFP.
Focus will swiftly turn to whether the Greens — or a coalition of the two environmentalist parties — will demand one of the seven cabinet positions that are shared among the leading political parties.
The Swiss People's Party (SVP), which has repeatedly been accused of demonising migrants, claimed 25.6 per cent of the vote.
But that is down from the 29.4 per cent it garnered in 2015.
University of Lausanne political scientist Oscar Mazzoleni told AFP the results showed that the SVP struggled to attract young voters while its ageing electoral base was less motivated to vote than in 2015, when Europe's migrant crisis was on "page one".
The SVP is also the only major party that has not pledged to pursue bolder climate action, having consistently denounced "climate hysteria" in Swiss politics.
"We knew we were going to suffer a setback," outgoing SVP senator Oscar Freysinger said on Swiss news network RTS.
"But the important point remains that before saving the planet we have to save Swiss sovereignty," he said.
Aside from warning about the threats of immigration, the SVP has also built its brand by condemning the influence of the European Union in non-EU member Switzerland.
Under Switzerland's unique political system, the election decides the 200 lower house lawmakers and 46 senators elected to four-year terms, but the make-up of the executive Federal Council will not be decided until December.
Under the so-called "magic formula" for power sharing, six Cabinet seats are shared equally by the SVP, the Socialist Party and the right-leaning Free Democratic Party (PLR), with the centrist Christian Democrats holding the seventh seat.
The presidency rotates each year.
The Greens finished fourth, narrowly beating the Christian Democrats, but it remains unclear when they will join the cabinet.
Swiss governance relies heavily on consensus, and many have voiced reluctance to removing the Christian Democrats, who have served in cabinet since the formula was implemented in 1959 and represent Switzerland's centrist bloc.
The Greens would rather take a Federal Council seat from the right-leaning PLR, but may have to form a tricky alliance with the Green Liberals to do so.
But party leader Ms Rytz made clear that she believes the Greens belong in government.
"Now is the time," she said. Swiss leaders "may need to discuss a new magic formula" to reflect changing political priorities, Ms Rytz said.
Sunday's results provided further evidence that a nation whose economy and lifestyle are closely tied to the country's stunning snow-capped peaks has grown increasingly concerned about the ravages of climate change.
A recent study by Zurich's ETH university found that more than 90 per cent of 4,000 glaciers dotted throughout the Alps could disappear by the year 2100 if greenhouse gas emissions are not curbed.
Greenpeace said Sunday's results gave the new Swiss parliament "a clear mandate".
"The climate crisis is the greatest threat to our country, and the measures to overcome it must be at the centre of political work."
Updated: October 21, 2019 03:29 PM