Abu Dhabi, UAETuesday 22 October 2019

Funeral march held for lost glacier in Switzerland

The wake takes place as the UN gathers youth activists and world leaders in New York to discuss climate action

Dozens of people went on a "funeral march" up a steep Swiss mountainside on Sunday to mark the disappearance of an Alpine glacier amid growing global alarm over climate change.

The Pizol "has lost so much substance that from a scientific perspective it is no longer a glacier," Alessandra Degiacomi, of the Swiss Association for Climate Protection, told AFP.

The organisation which helped with Sunday's march said about 100 people were due to take part in the event, which takes place as the UN gathers youth activists and world leaders in New York to consider the action needed to curb global warming.

Dressed in black, they made the solemn two-hour "funeral march" up the side of Pizol mountain in north-eastern Switzerland to the foot of the steep and rapidly melting ice formation, situated at an altitude of around 2,700 metres near the Liechtenstein and Austrian borders.

On arrival a chaplain and several scientists were expected to give sombre speeches in remembrance of the glacier, accompanied by the mournful tones of alphorns — a 3.6-metre, pipe-shaped wooden instrument.

A wreath was set to be laid for the Pizol glacier, which has been one of the most studied glaciers in the Alps.

The move comes after Iceland made global headlines last month with a large ceremony and the laying of a bronze plaque to commemorate Okjokull, the island's first glacier lost to climate change.

But unlike Iceland, Sunday's ceremony does not mark the first disappearance of a glacier from the Swiss Alps.

"Since 1850, we estimate that more than 500 Swiss glaciers have completely disappeared, including 50 that were named," Matthias Huss, a glaciologist at the ETH technical university in Zurich, told AFP.

Pizol may not be the first glacier to vanish in Switzerland, but "you could say it is the first to disappear that has been very thoroughly studied," said Mr Huss, who planned to participate in Sunday's ceremony.

The logs kept since scientists began tracking the glacier in 1893 paint a bleak picture of recent rapid changes to climate.

Pizol has lost 80-90 per cent of its volume since 2006, leaving behind 26,000 square metres of ice, or "less than four football fields," Mr Huss said.

Pizol, which sits at a relatively low altitude, was never very big.

According to Glacier Monitoring Switzerland, or GLAMOS, it, like nearly 80 per cent of Swiss glaciers, has been considered a so-called glacieret.

It has figured among some 4,000 glaciers — vast, ancient reserves of ice — dotted throughout the Alps, providing seasonal water to millions and forming some of Europe's most stunning landscapes.

But Mr Huss and other ETH scientists recently cautioned that more than 90 per cent of the Alpine glaciers could disappear by the end of this century if greenhouse gas emissions are not reined in.

Regardless of what actions humans take now, the Alps will lose at least half of their ice mass by 2100, according to their study, published in April.

And in a subsequent study published earlier this month, the researchers indicated that the Alps' largest glacier, the Aletsch, could disappear over the next eight decades.

Sunday's "funeral" for Pizol provides an occasion to point out that climate change is not only melting glaciers but is endangering "our means of subsistence", the organising groups, including Greenpeace said.

It is threatening "human civilisation as we know it in Switzerland and around the world," they warn on the event webpage.

With this in mind, the Swiss Association for Climate Protection recently presented the 100,000 signatures needed to launch a popular initiative, to be put to a referendum, demanding that Switzerland reduce its net greenhouse gas emissions to zero by 2050.

The date for the vote has not been set but the Swiss government in August said it supported the objective.

Updated: September 23, 2019 10:34 AM

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