x Abu Dhabi, UAESunday 23 July 2017

US and Pakistan must 'divorce', says ex-Pakistan envoy Haqqani

Pakistan's former ambassador to Washington says the United States and Pakistan should stop pretending they are allies.

WASHINGTON // The United States and Pakistan should stop pretending they are allies and amicably "divorce," Pakistan's former ambassador to Washington said last night, citing unrealistic expectations in both countries that include US hopes Islamabad will sever its links to extremists.

"If in 65 years, you haven't been able to find sufficient common ground to live together, and you had three separations and four reaffirmations of marriage, then maybe the better way is to find friendship outside of the marital bond," Husain Haqqani said, addressing the Center for the National Interest, a Washington think tank.

Mr Haqqani's recommendation that the United States and Pakistan essentially downgrade their status was based on the premise that it may be the only way to break from what has been a dysfunctional relationship.

A post-alliance future would allow both countries to hold more realistic expectations of each other, cooperating where possible but perhaps without the sense of betrayal, which has become acute in Pakistan.

He cited a survey by the Pew Research Center released in June showing roughly three-in-four Pakistanis consider the United States an enemy, even though the United States pours billions of dollars of aid into the country.

"If this was an election campaign ... you would advise the senator with these kinds of favourability ratings to pull out of the race, instead of spending more money," said Mr Haqqani, who plans to publish a book entitled Magnificent Delusions next year about the US-Pakistan relationship.

His candid remarks represented Mr Haqqani's first address in Washington since he resigned as Pakistan's envoy last year after, he says, being framed for drafting a memo that accused the Pakistani army of plotting a coup — allegations he defended himself against before Pakistan's Supreme Court.

Many of Mr Haqqani's comments underscored the friction between Pakistan's civilian government and the military, which have bedeviled the nuclear-armed South Asian country for almost its entire existence.

Mr Haqqani, who served as an adviser to four Pakistani prime ministers, identified himself among a small minority who support good relations with the United States but "who do not have the ability to influence the course of policy at home."

He said Pakistan's military needed to be under greater civilian control, adding Pakistan's national interests are defined "by generals, not by civilian leaders."

But he also doled out criticism of US policymaking, saying it was too often short-sighted, lacking the necessary historic perspective needed to appreciate realistically what Pakistan might do in return for aid and cooperation.

The depths of the strained US-Pakistan relationship have come into full public view since the United States, without telling Pakistan, secretly staged a raid to kill Osama bin Laden last year. Mr Haqqani was ambassador at the time.

He repeatedly said someone in Pakistan knew of bin Laden's presence, even though he stopped far short of blaming Pakistan's principal intelligence agency, the Inter Services Intelligence directorate (ISI).

"I still think a full proper investigation on the Pakistani side is needed to find out how Osama bin Laden lived in Pakistan and who supported him — within or outside the government," he said. "I really do not know [who helped bin Laden]. All I am saying is that somebody knew."