x Abu Dhabi, UAEWednesday 24 January 2018

North Korea unveils 'secure, homemade' smartphone

North Korea, one of the world's most isolated and censored societies, has unveiled what it says is a domestically produced smartphone.

SEOUL // North Korea, one of the world's most isolated and censored societies, has unveiled what it says is a domestically produced smartphone.

Industry analysts say the Arirang, built around Google's Android OS, is likely manufactured in China, however.

The existence of the phone, named after a famous Korean folk song, came to light during a factory inspection by North Korean leader Kim Jong-un at the weekend.

During the tour, Mr Kim was given a detailed briefing on the "performance, quality and packing of the Arirang hand phone", Pyongyang's official Korean Central News Agency (KCNA) reported.

Some analysts suggest the Arirang is aimed at getting North Koreans to use an officially approved phone that can be properly monitored.

While internet access is virtually non-existent in North Korea, which comes bottom of any media freedom survey, the country is not a complete IT desert.

Cell phones were introduced in 2008 through a joint venture with the Egyptian telecom firm Orascom, which says there are now two million users in North Korea.

A domestic intranet was launched in 2002 and some state bodies have their own websites.

It is a natural progression for an impoverished country desperate for investment, but in North Korea the economic imperative is always weighed against the potential for social disruption.

Subscribers to the sole cell phone system provider, Koryolink, can call each other, but not outside the country.

The intranet is similarly cut off from the rest of the world, allowing its very limited number of users to exchange state-approved information and little more.

Access to the full-blown internet is for the super-elite only, meaning a few hundred people or maybe 1,000 at most.

For all the regime's efforts, the information barrier erected around North Korea has, in recent years, begun to lose some of its effectiveness.

Smuggled Chinese mobile phones allow people near the border to connect with Chinese servers and make international calls, while rewired TVs allow access to outside broadcasting.

The KCNA report on Mr Kim's factory visit noted that the young leader praised the Arirang's developers for coming up with a product that "provides the best convenience to the users while strictly guaranteeing security".

"Despite KCNA's reporting that the handsets are made at the factory, they are probably made to order by a Chinese manufacturer and shipped to the factory where they are inspected before going on sale," said Martyn Williams, who runs the North Korea Tech website.

Steven Millward on the Tech In Asia website reached the same conclusion.

"Possibly, the whole smartphone is made in China, and only the final boxing is done in the rather sparse plant that Kim Jong-un toured."