A list of some of the deadliest incidents involving crowds, most often stampedes that occur during sporting or religious events, over the past 20 years.
Deadly crushes through the years
At least 349 people have perished in a bridge stampede during a water festival in the Cambodian capital in what has been described as the nation's worst tragedy since the dark days of the Khmer Rouge.
Following is a list of some of the deadliest incidents involving crowds, most often stampedes that occur during sporting or religious events, over the past 20 years.
- July 2, 1990, Saudi Arabia: A massive stampede in the Mina tunnel, south of Mecca, during the hajj leaves 1,426 pilgrims asphyxiated or trampled to death. The stampede seems to have been caused by a breakdown in the ventilation system amid high temperatures.
- May 24, 1994, Saudi Arabia: A stampede during the hajj ritual of the "stoning of the devil" at Mina leaves 270 dead.
- August 13, 1994, Congo-Brazzaville: At least 150 people, most of them children, are trampled or suffocated to death when a crowd panics at the end of an evangelist's sermon in an church.
- April 9, 1998, Saudi Arabia: More than 118 pilgrims are killed in a stampede at Mina.
- May 9, 2001, Ghana: A stampede that follows a football match in a stadium in the capital Accra leaves 126 people dead.
- February 1, 2004, Saudi Arabia: 251 pilgrims die in stampede at Mina.
- January 25, 2005, India: A crush during a Hindu pilgrimage in the district of Satara, 300 kilometres (186 miles) from Mumbai, kills 257 people.
- August 31, 2005, Iraq: More than 1,000 people taking part in a pilgrimage are trampled to death or drown when a crowd panics on a bridge over the Tigris River in Baghdad caused by a rumour that two suicide bombers are present.
- January 12, 2006, Saudi Arabia: During the pilgrimage at Mina at least 364 people are killed and more than 300 injured in a crush during the "stoning of the devil".
- February 4, 2006, Philippines: A stampede in a queue of close to 30,000 impoverished people trying to get onto a television show leaves 74 dead and more than 400 injured in a stadium in Manila.
- August 3, 2008, India: In a Hindu temple in Himachal Pradesh state, 150 worshippers, a good number of them children, are crushed to death in a stampede caused by a rumour of a landslide.
- September 30, 2008, India: A stampede inside a Hindu temple in the western state of Rajasthan leaves 224 pilgrims dead.
- March 4, 2010, India: Sixty-three people, all women and children, are crushed to death when a gate collapses at a temple in northern Uttar Pradesh state, causing panic in a crowd of 10,000 people.