Cyclone Amphan leaves trail of death and destruction through India and Bangladesh
The first 'super cyclone' of the century strikes West Bengal and Bangladesh, bringing storm surges, high winds and heavy rain
More than 90 people were killed as the fiercest cyclone to hit parts of Bangladesh and eastern India this century sent trees flying and flattened houses, with millions crammed into shelters despite the risk of coronavirus.
At least 80 people were killed in the Indian state of West Bengal and and two more deaths were reported in neighbouring Odisha state. In Bangladesh, at least 13 people lost their lives.
The cyclone snapped power supply to about 5.5 million homes and caused tidal surges, flooding homes and some coastal areas, according to the report.
“I have never seen anything like this in my life,” West Bengal's Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee said on Wednesday evening. “Electricity and water supply is disconnected. Crops have been damaged. Many areas have been destroyed. We have lost communication.”
Cyclone Amphan packed winds of about 150 kilometres per hour and carried away electricity pylons, walls and roofs, officials said on Thursday as they began to assess the damage.
Residents in the Indian city of Kolkata, the capital of the hardest-hit West Bengal state, awoke to flooded streets with some cars window-deep in water and television footage showed the airport inundated.
"The impact of Amphan is worse than coronavirus," Mamata Banerjee, chief minister of West Bengal, told local media. She confirmed the cyclone had taken at least 12 lives in the state.
"Thousands of mud huts have been levelled, trees uprooted, roads washed away and crops destroyed," she said.
Bangladesh officials said the toll included a five-year-old boy and a 75-year-old man – both hit by falling trees – and a cyclone emergency volunteer who drowned.
Officials said they were waiting for reports from the Sundarbans, a Unesco World Heritage site renowned for its mangrove forest and population of endangered Bengal tigers, which bore the brunt of the storm.
"We still haven't got the actual picture of the damage. We are particularly concerned over some wild animals. They can be washed away during a storm surge in high tide," forest chief Moyeen Uddin Khan told AFP.
Cyclones are an annual and growing hazard along the Bay of Bengal coast, claiming the lives of hundreds of thousands of people in recent decades.
But in recent years, despite an increase in their frequency partly because of climate change, improved warning systems have enabled authorities to be much better prepared.
The cyclone was weakening as it moved north through Bangladesh but still unleashed heavy rains and fierce winds in Cox's Bazar, the district that houses about 1 million Rohingya refugees from violence in Myanmar.
Amphan was the first "super cyclone" to form over the Bay of Bengal since 1999, and packed winds with speeds up to 185kph at sea.
It brought a storm surge – a wall of ocean water that is often one of the main killers in major weather systems – that roared inland.
Anwar Hossain Howlader, an official in the Khulna coastal district of Bangladesh, said a three-metre surge had destroyed embankments protecting villages despite locals toiling through the night.
"It caused massive destruction. Thousands of trees have been uprooted. Embankments have broken down at many places, inundating many villages. The damage and destruction of crops and fish farms have been huge," he said.
At the village of Purba Durgabati in Satkhira district, hundreds of villagers spend the night trying to mend a breach in the embankment that protected several villages from the Kholpetua river.
But the surge unleashed by the cyclone washed away some two kilometres of the embankment, which also doubled as a village road. As a result, seawater inundated some 600 homes and washed away thousands of shrimp and crab farms.
"My home has gone under water. My shrimp farm is gone. I don't know how I am going to survive," Omar Faruq, 28, told AFP.
The last super cyclone in 1999 left nearly 10,000 dead in India's Odisha state, eight years after a typhoon, tornadoes and flooding killed 139,000 in Bangladesh.
In 1970, half a million perished.
More than 3 million people were rescued from coastal villages in both countries.
Because of coronavirus, authorities said they used extra shelter space to reduce crowding, while making face masks compulsory and setting aside isolation rooms.
But many stayed put.
Sulata Munda, a villager in Bangladesh on the edge of the Sundarbans, said she and fellow villagers decided not to go to a shelter.
"We fear the cyclone but we also fear the coronavirus," the mother-of-four said.
Updated: May 22, 2020 11:45 AM