Religious hardliners blocked main streets in Islamabad with a sit-in to demand law minister's resignation
Clashes in Islamabad as police try to break up weeks-long protest
Pakistani police used tear gas and water cannon, and fought running battles with stone-throwing Islamist activists, as they moved to clear a sit-in by the religious hardliners who have blocked the main routes into the capital of Islamabad for more than two weeks.
The protests have spread to other main cities, including Karachi, Lahore, Rawalpindi and Peshawar.
The clashes began on Saturday when about 4,000 police officers moved in to disperse around 1,000 activists from Tehreek-e-Labaik, a new hardline Islamist political party, and break up their camp, police official Saood Tirmizi said.
Dozens of protesters were arrested, he said, and hospitals reported dozens of people were being treated for injuries.
The mass protest, plus the recent gains of two new Islamist parties in Pakistan, demonstrated the religious right's gathering strength ahead of what are expected to be tumultuous elections next year.
Television footage showed a police vehicle on fire, heavy curtains of smoke and fires burning in the streets as officers in heavy riot gear advanced. Protesters, some wearing gas masks, fought back in scattered battles across empty highways and surrounding neighbourhoods.
"We are in our thousands. We will not leave. We will fight until end," Tehreek-e-Labaik party spokesman Ejaz Ashrafi said.
By midday, TV coverage had been cut off and private channels were off the air by order of the official media regulator.
The protesters have paralysed daily life in the capital, and have defied court orders to disband, demanding the firing of the law minister.
Tehreek-e-Labaik blames the minister, Zahid Hamid, for changes to an electoral oath that it says amounts to blasphemy. The government puts the issue down to a clerical error.
"Death to blasphemers" is a central rallying cry for Tehreek-e-Laibak, which was born out of a protest movement lionising Mumtaz Qadri, a bodyguard of the governor of Punjab province who gunned down his boss in 2011 over his call to reform strict blasphemy laws.
The party, which advocates rule by Sharia law, won a surprisingly strong 7.6 per cent of the vote in a by-election in Peshawar last month.
Since Tehreek-e-Labaik began its sit-in, the government has blocked several roads with shipping containers to corral the protesters, but that has caused hours-long traffic jams in and around the capital.
The government had tried to negotiate an end to the sit-in, fearing a crackdown could lead to violence similar to 2007, when clashes between authorities and supporters of a radical Islamabad mosque led to the deaths of more than 100 people.
By late morning, Tehreek-e-Labaik supporters were coming out on the streets in other Pakistani cities in support of the Islamabad protesters.
About 500 demonstrators blocked several main roads in Karachi, the southern port that is Pakistan's largest city. Police fired tear gas to try to disperse them from a main road near Karachi's airport.
In the eastern city of Lahore, party supporters blocked three roads into the city, provincial government spokesman Malik Ahmad Khan said.
"We want them to disperse peacefully," he said. "We don't want to use force, but we will if there is no other option left."
In Islamabad, police official Aftab Ahmad said officers were using restraint and denied media reports that rubber bullets were being fired.
However, Labaik spokesman Mr Ashrafi said "several of our workers have got rubber bullet injuries" and also claimed that police had fired live rounds, which police denied.