More than 2,000 people, mostly Muslims, were killed after the Babri mosque in Ayodhya was torn down on December 6, 1992, by protesters seeking to build a Hindu temple on the site.
Ayodhya holy site boosts security 20 years after religious riots
AYODHYA // Indian security forces yesterday flooded the northern town of Ayodhya where a mosque was demolished by Hindu zealots 20 years ago in a move that unleashed a wave of deadly religious riots.
More than 2,000 people, mostly Muslims, were killed in clashes in New Delhi, Mumbai and other cities after the Babri mosque in Ayodhya was torn down on December 6, 1992, by protesters seeking to build a Hindu temple on the site.
Opposing sides still wrangle over control of the tightly-guarded spot, with the Supreme Court last year suspending a ruling that divided it into three sections: one for Hindus, one for Muslims and one for a Hindu trust.
At least 5,000 police were out in force yesterday in Ayodhya and surrounding areas of Uttar Pradesh state, with officers manning road blocks and monitoring key intersections to prevent any demonstrations.
Police and paramilitary troops sealed off streets to the disputed area, searched cars and enforced a magistrate's order banning unlawful assembly on the anniversary of the demolition.
No rallies or unrest were reported during the day, which coincided with an official holiday commemorating BR Ambedkar, the chief architect of India's 1947 constitution.
Amarnath Shastri, a retired advocate who lives in Ayodhya, said inter-religious tensions had calmed since 1992, though many Muslims still feel marginalised.
"Everyone now wants the town to develop, jobs to come up and industry to flourish," he said. "People have realised that all such actions [in 1992] were wasteful."
Hindu fundamentalists flattened the mosque because they said it was built by the Moghul emperor Babur on the site of a temple marking the birthplace of the Hindu warrior god Ram.
The destruction infuriated Muslims and many feared the country was heading for an era of Hindu-Muslim bloodshed.
In the most serious outbreak of religious unrest since Ayodhya, about 2,000 people, mostly Muslims, died in riots in Gujarat state in 2002.