x Abu Dhabi, UAEFriday 28 July 2017

Tunisian opposition calls for new government

Rival protest groups attack each other as tensions build after politician's assassination.

TUNIS // Tunisia's Prime Minister Ali Larayedh said on Monday the Islamist-led transitional government would continue working despite mounting efforts to dissolve it, and, for the first time, proposed a date for fresh elections later this year.

"The government will continue performing its duties and it will not abandon them, not because it is keen to hold power, and we will maintain our responsibilities until the final moment," he said in televised speech. "We will focus on holding the elections by the end of this year and our date is Dec. 17."

Mr Larayedh spoke just hours after a secular party in Tunisia's ruling Islamist-led coalition demanded a unity government to defuse a deepening political crisis and the army sealed a square in the capital where protesters had clashed.

Tensions have been mounting over opposition efforts to oust the government following last week's assassination of a leftist politician, the second such killing in six months.

Soldiers blocked off the central Bardo square in Tunis, declaring it a "closed military zone" after pro- and anti-government protesters threw rocks at each other.

The secular Ettakatol party called for the coalition led by the Islamist Ennahda party to step down.

"We have called for the dissolution of the government in favour of a unity government that would represent the broadest form of consensus," said Lobni Jribi, a party leader.

"If Ennahda refuses this proposal, we will withdraw from the government."

The threat by one of its own allies will ratchet up pressure on Ennahda, which has resisted opposition demands for the government's fall, and could encourage further defections.

The education minister, Salem Labyedh, an independent, has offered his resignation to the prime minister, local media said.

Tunisians fear they may be plunging into one of the worst crises in their political transition since the former autocratic leader, Zine El Abidine Ben Ali was forced out by a 2011 uprising that sparked protests across the Arab world.

Security forces sealed Bardo square, located outside the transitional constituent assembly, with barbed wire and fencing.

The assembly's head, Mustafa Ben Jaafar, who belongs to Ettakatol, has said the body is only weeks away from completing a long-delayed draft constitution to be put to a referendum.

The secular opposition, emboldened by the Egyptian army's ousting of an Islamist president this month, is now rejecting all concessions and reconciliation efforts by the government.

It has called for the 217-member assembly to be dissolved. In the last few days, 70 lawmakers have left the body and to set up a sit-in protest outside its headquarters.

In the southern city of Sidi Bouzid, angry protesters tried to storm municipal offices to stop employees from going to work, residents said, sparking clashes with Ennahda supporters.

The army intervened to protect the offices and police fired tear gas, but residents said thousands of demonstrators were gathering in the southern city, the cradle of Tunisia's revolt.

Opposition leaders said they might set up a rival "salvation government".

Noureddine Bhiri, a spokesman for the prime minister, said opposition protests were tantamount to calling for the "destruction of the state" at a moment when the government was trying to deal with the aftermath of the assassinations.

Mr Bhiri challenged the opposition call for a new government, saying it had offered no vision for running the country.

"What are the alternatives that they want after dissolving the government? There is nothing but violence and destruction. We need to stay united to pass this phase and end terrorism."

France, Tunisia's former colonial power, called for restraint and said it was worried by recent events. It urged the Tunisian authorities "to see this transition through to the end, in a spirit of dialogue and respect for the road map".

In the fenced-off Bardo square, opposition sources said security forces had beaten one of the politicians who had quit the Constituent Assembly. He was taken to hospital.

"The prime minister will be held accountable for any drop of blood spilled in the Bardo sit-in," said an opposition figure, Manji Rahawi.

Both rival protest groups have vowed to return to Bardo despite the army takeover of the square, local media said.

Tunisia's powerful labour unions also met opposition parties yesterday and were to discuss the option of more strike action. On Friday, a strike to mourn the assassinated politician, Mohamed Brahmi, paralysed much of the country.

The government said Mr Brahmi's assailants used the same weapon that killed another secular leader, Chokri Belaid, in February.

Its critics said it has not done enough to investigate or stop the attacks it has blamed on hardline Salafist militants.

Many joining the swelling street protests cited anger with the instability in Tunisia as well as economic stagnation.

Others were frustrated that a constitution, promised one year after the 2011 uprising, has yet to be completed and are suspicious of the Islamist-led transitional government.