x Abu Dhabi, UAEWednesday 17 January 2018

China anti-pirate fleet sets sail

The Chinese navy has left to protect ships off Somalia from pirates, its first potential combat mission outside territorial waters in centuries.

Chinese Navy sailors march past a warship at port before leaving for the Navy's first oversea operation from Sanya, southern China's Hainan province.
Chinese Navy sailors march past a warship at port before leaving for the Navy's first oversea operation from Sanya, southern China's Hainan province.

An anti-piracy task force of the Chinese navy set sail today for Africa, state media said, in the nation's first potential combat mission beyond its territorial waters in centuries. The three vessels, decorated with coloured ribbons and flowers, weighed anchor at the Yalong Bay naval base on south China's tropical Hainan island at 1.50pm (5.50am GMT), heading for Somalia, the Xinhua news agency reported.

"It's the first time we go abroad to protect our strategic interests armed with military force," said Wu Shengli, commander of the Chinese Navy, in a ceremony to see off the 1,000 sailors, according to Xinhua. "It's the first time for us to organise a naval force on an international humanitarian mission and the first time for our navy to protect important shipping lanes far from our shores." Dressed in white naval uniforms, the crew of the two destroyers and one supply ship saluted crowds on land as they left for a mission expected to last at least three months.

It marks a new chapter for the modern Chinese navy, which has focused on the defence of coastal waters, combined with the occasional friendly port call. Only in 2002 did it circumnavigate the globe for the first time. Indeed, a Chinese fleet has not fired a shot in anger near Africa since the 15th Century, when a Ming Dynasty armada sailed to the continent and back. The navy has been drawn back to Africa by an escalation of pirate attacks on merchant ships, including Chinese vessels, plying the crucial shipping route linking Asia and Europe.

The three vessels on the mission - the missile-armed destroyers DDG-171 Haikou and DDG-169 Wuhan and the Weishanhu supply ship - are among China's most sophisticated and have all entered service this decade, Xinhua said. They will operate alongside other international warships patrolling the area near the Gulf of Aden, part of the Suez Canal route. "Since this is the navy's first overseas mission, we could encounter unforeseen situations. But we are prepared for them," the commander of the force, Rear Admiral Du Jingcheng, told the China Daily earlier.

The mission includes a special forces detail that has spent the past days in intensive training in maritime tactics and diving, said one of their commanders, Lieutenant Commander Xie Zengling. China has said its warships will investigate any suspected pirate vessels, and approach them and demand that they show their relevant documents and certificates. Two helicopters accompanying the flotilla will be used during such tasks, military officials said earlier.

The UN Security Council last week gave nations a one-year mandate to act inside lawless Somalia to stop the rampant piracy. "It is a huge breakthrough in China's concepts about security," said Li Wei, director of the anti-terrorism research centre at the China Institute of Contemporary International Relations, according to the China Daily. *AFP