Islamist militias say the retreat is a tactical move and that they will not be leaving southern Somalia's hard-hit famine region.
Al Shabab fighters pull out of Mogadishu
MOGADISHU // Islamist fighters who officials feared would attack famine victims pulled out of many of their bases in the Somali capital overnight, government and rebel spokesmen said yesterday. The extent of the withdrawal and what it may mean for the relief effort was not immediately clear.
Somalia is suffering its worst famine in 60 years, with estimates that more than 29,000 children under the age of 5 have died in the last 90 days in the country's south alone.
Fighters allied with the Shabab militant group have blocked many aid organisations from the south and have complicated efforts to help those in Mogadishu.
"The information we are receiving is that there is a retreat from the city. This is a golden victory for the Somali people and we are committed to ensure that peace and order is restored to those areas," said the government spokesman, Abdirahman Omar Osman.
However, an Al Shabab spokesman, Ali Mohamed Rage, told a radio station that the retreat was a tactical withdrawal and that there would be no pullout from southern Somalia, the area hardest hit by famine. "The retreat by our forces is only aiming to counterattack the enemy. People will hear happy news in the coming hours," Mr Rage said. "We shall fight the enemy wherever they are."
Residents reported Al Shabab militia leaving their positions overnight. Since it was born from the ruins of another radical Islamist group in 2007, Al Shabab has never abandoned Mogadishu entirely.
Mohammed Ali said he saw about 150 Al Shabab fighters leaving the north-west part of the capital. He said they may have left town because of a lack of finances and disagreements between top leaders, explaining that he had an insight into the militia because "our brothers are that side".
Lt Col Paddy Ankunda, a spokesman for the 9,000 African Union (AU) peacekeeping forces in Mogadishu, said they were verifying the withdrawal reports.
Sodio Omar Hassan, who was seeking treatment for her child's malaria at a hospital set up by African Union peacekeepers, said people were angry at Al Shabab's response to the relief effort. She said militia groups refused to allow the UN to distribute maize and cooking oil in a territory it controls.
"People are angry now they are dying," she said. "They [Al Shabab] don't bring us anything."
More than 12 million people in the Horn of Africa are in need of immediate food aid but the crisis has been exacerbated by Al Shabab's unwillingness to allow many aid organisations into the areas it controls, saying it is better to starve than accept help from western countries. The UN says 640,000 children are acutely malnourished in Somalia, where the UN has declared five famine zones, including the refugee camps of Mogadishu.
Somalis who have fled the famine zones and reached Mogadishu said militants are threatening refugees who leave the south and often stopping - and sometimes killing - the men, leading to a disproportionate number of women and children at camps for displaced people in the capital.
Somalia has been mired in war and anarchy for two decades, and piracy flourishes off its coastline. In a sign of how desperate the famine has become, many Somalis have fled from rural areas to Mogadishu, a war zone where AU peacekeepers battle the Al Shabab militants daily.