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Abu Dhabi, UAESunday 24 June 2018

Princess Haya's biscuit fund: how a simple packet can save a child's life

The National looks at how a donation to the World Food Programme will provide high energy food in a crisis

An Afghan girl named Habiba carries a box of high energy biscuits received from the World Food Programme (WFP) to her home in a refugee camp in Kabul on January 26, 2014. The biscuits are often the first shipments to land in crisis zones to keep people alive and before fresh food can be delivered. 
Johanned Eisele / AFP
An Afghan girl named Habiba carries a box of high energy biscuits received from the World Food Programme (WFP) to her home in a refugee camp in Kabul on January 26, 2014. The biscuits are often the first shipments to land in crisis zones to keep people alive and before fresh food can be delivered. Johanned Eisele / AFP

Somewhere in the world a community is facing catastrophe. They have no food and no means to cook it. Malnutrition and death are just days away.

In these circumstances, lives may hang on a simple packet of biscuits.

High energy biscuits to be exact, packed with energy and micro-nutrients. Each packet is enough to feed a person for one day.

This week saw the announcement that Princess Haya bint Al Hussein contributed to a new fund to allow the rapid purchase of stocks of the biscuits, to be managed by the UN World Food Programme.

The gesture by the wife of Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid, Vice President of the UAE and Ruler of Dubai, was described as “a life saver” by David Beasley, the executive director of the WFP, who called the princess “a true champion for people facing hunger and poverty".

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To the layman's eye, the biscuits look unexceptional and not particularly enticing.

But that’s not the point, says Stefano Peveri, a senior logistic officer at the WFP and the UN Humanitarian Response Depot Dubai manager.

“They’re not as tasty as you would buy in the supermarket,” he says.

“But they are very nutritious and packed with micronutrients.”

The formula has changed over the years. The first biscuits were designed to provide a high energy boost and could be kept for up to two years.

The current recipe delivers a more sophisticated package, but has a shelf life of just 12 months.

This graphic by The National charts how the first shipment of high-energy biscuits is sent to refugees or disaster victims. Roy Cooper / The National
This graphic by The National charts how the first shipment of high-energy biscuits is sent to refugees or disaster victims. Roy Cooper / The National

The WFP is working to make this longer, says Mr Peveri.

Manufacturing takes place at a number of approved centres around the world. The closest factory to the UAE is in Oman, but owned by a Sharjah company.

The biscuits are kept in 100-gram foil packets and stored in a Dubai warehouse. The current stock is a 150 metric tonnes – or enough for 1.5 million people.

What happens next is dependent on rapid response.

Often the first sign of trouble is spotted by a local or country office of the WFP. It could be a natural disaster, like a famine or drought, or a refugee crisis provoked by persecution or conflict.

In recent years, the WFP has supported Muslim Rohingya refugees fleeing to Bangladesh and displaced rural populations flocking to the Somalian capital Mogadishu looking for food.

Supplies were also sent to the Philippines in 2013 after Typhoon Haiyan, and Afghanistan in 2014.

In 2016, the WFP bought 2.6 million tonnes of food worth US41.36 billion and delivered 3.5 million tonnes of food to 74 countries.

In the same year, Humanitarian Response Depots, like the one in Dubai, sent out more than 87,000 tonnes to 12 countries on behalf of 170 organisations.

The biscuits are usually the only food source in the first instance, says Mr Peveri. The dire circumstances of those in need often mean they have no means of cooking:

“So there is no point in giving them beans or wheat," he says.

The biscuits, he explains, are only intended as a stop gap “for three or four days” until more long term support can be brought in with other agencies.

Princess Haya bint Al Hussein, the wife of Sheikh Mohammed Bin Rashid Al Maktoum, Vice President and Ruler of Dubai, is a champion of the World Food Programme. Karim Sahib / AFP
Princess Haya bint Al Hussein, the wife of Sheikh Mohammed Bin Rashid Al Maktoum, Vice President and Ruler of Dubai, is a champion of the World Food Programme. Karim Sahib / AFP

They can be particularly useful for refugees still on the move.

“We can supply them half way and give them a vital boost of energy," Mr Peveri says.

Once a local office has identified a problem, the regional hubs, such as Dubai, are contacted. Flights are then chartered and supplies of the biscuits sent to the most local airport to the affected population.

From here, the biscuits are loaded on to lorries or helicopters.

“But we have also used elephants and camels”, says Mr Peveri. “Whatever works best.”

Speed is obviously of the essence. The WFP aims to have the assessment of needs and the funds made available for transport within 24 to 48 hours of being alerted.

A similar time period applies to delivering supplies to those most a need. “Not only do you need to have the biscuits available in places like Dubai, you need to be able to move them fast,” says Mr Peveri.

“I believe in this project, big time,” he says. “It saves lives.”

One in nine do not have enough to eat

Created in 1961, the World Food Programme is pledged to fight hunger worldwide as well as providing emergency food assistance in a crisis.

One of the organisation’s goals is the Zero Hunger Pledge, adopted by the international community in 2015 as one of the 17 Sustainable Goals for Sustainable Development, to end world hunger by 2030.

The WFP, a branch of the United Nations, is funded by voluntary donations from governments, businesses and private donations.

Almost two thirds of its operations currently take place in conflict zones, where it is calculated that people are more than three times likely to suffer from malnutrition than in peaceful countries.

It is currently estimated that one in nine people globally do not have enough to eat.

On any one day, the WFP estimates that it has 5,000 lorries, 20 ships and 70 aircraft on the move.

Outside emergencies, the WFP provides school meals to up to 25 million children in 63 countries, while working with communities to improve nutrition. Where possible, it buys supplies from developing countries to cut down transport cost and boost local economies.