The reigning and former Formula One champions saw off Romain Grosjean and Sebastien Ogler to record a 2-0 final win and secure a sixth successive crown.
Vettel and Schumacher drive Germany to sixth Race of Champions title
Vettel, along with Michael Schumacher, comfortably beat France's Romain Grosjean and rally driver Sebastien Ogier 2-0 in the final.
The event, which pits winners from various motorsport series competing in identical cars, was being held in Bangkok's Rajamangala stadium for the first time.
"Even Michael hasn't managed six titles in a row before so this is something special," said Vettel, who will be aiming for the individual title later today.
Schumacher, winner of a record seven Formula One championships including five in a row for Ferrari, said he and Vettel would be defending the title again next year.
"For sure we're going to be here, that's a must," said the 43-year-old, who retired from Formula One for the second time in November.
"Actually, my lucky number is seven so we are going to push hard."
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