Road and track cycling were included in the first modern Olympics in Athens in 1896.
Factbox on cycling
Road and track cycling were included in the first modern Olympics in Athens in 1896. France's Paul Masson won three of the five track events and Greece's Aristidis Konstantinidis took gold in the road race. The International Cycling Association, which later became the International Cycling Union (UCI), had been founded in 1892 and the first official world championships were held a year later in Cologne, Germany. Mountain biking made its Olympic debut in 1996 at the Atlanta Games. In the same year, professional cyclists were admitted to the Games for the first time. BMX for men and women will make their Olympic debuts in Beijing. 1km time trial for men and 500m time trial for women have been discontinued.
Track: Men: sprint, individual pursuit, team pursuit, points race, Madison, keirin, team sprint. Women: sprint, individual pursuit, points race. Road: Men: road race, time trial. Women: road race, time trial. Mountain biking: men's and women's races. BMX: men and women.
Road: Men: Paolo Bettini (Italy) Men's individual time trial: Tyler Hamilton (USA) Women: Sara Carrigan (Australia) Women's individual time trial: Leontien Zijlaard-van Moorsel Track: Men: Sprint: Ryan Bayley (Australia)
1-km time trial: Chris Hoy (Britain) Individual pursuit: Bradley Wiggins (Britain) Points race: Mikhail Ignatyev (Russia) Team pursuit: Australia Team sprint: Germany Madison: Australia Keirin: Ryan Bayley (Australia) Women: Sprint: Lori-Ann Muenzer (Canada) 500m time trial: Anna Meares (Australia) Individual pursuit: Sarah Ulmer (New Zealand) Points race: Olga Slyusareva (Russia) Mountain biking: Men's cross country: Julien Absalon (France) Women's cross country: Gunn-Rita Dahle (Norway)
Road Track (Finals) Mountain biking
Laoshan venues for track cycling. Urban Cycling Road Course for road races. *Reuters