England, set a mammoth 521 to win, were bowled out for 317 when Ravichandran Ashwin had England No 11 James Anderson caught by Ajinkya Rahane at slip
England final day stand lasts 17 balls as India win third Test by 203 runs
Joe Root says he believes his England side will come back "with a strong response" against India after the visitors took just 17 balls to wrap up a 203-run victory on the final day of the third Test at Trent Bridge on Wednesday.
England, set a mammoth 521 to win, were bowled out for 317 as India picked up the last remaining wicket needed for victory when Ravichandran Ashwin had James Anderson caught at slip for 11 - the first wicket for an India spinner in this fixture.
Adil Rashid finished unbeaten on 33, after Jos Buttler's maiden Test century on Tuesday had helped England take the match to a fifth day.
But Virat Kohli's side got the job done with little fuss with the five-match series poised at 2-1 with the fourth Test starting at Southampton on August 30.
England captain Root pinpointed a first-innings slump that saw them rattled out for 161 in a single session as the reason for defeat.
"India played extremely well - you have to give credit to them for doing it," he said. "I think its fair to say we very much under-performed in that innings.
"You look at the second innings and that partnership between Jos and Ben [Stokes]) and that's a real lesson to us as to how to play Test-match cricket.
"Not the fact that they scored at a slow rate but the way they adapted to the situation, the way they built that partnership and the way they looked very clear how they would score their runs.
"That's a really nice thing to see and to learn from and we have to look at that and adapt our games individually and make sure when we turn up at Southampton we give ourselves the best chance of getting scores of over 400.
"I'm sure that we'll come back with a strong response."
The match was a personal triumph for India captain Kohli who made 103 in his side's second innings 352-7 declared following his first-innings 97.
Just 17 balls, and 10 minutes, were needed on the final morning at Trent Bridge for England to lose their final wicket and complete a 203-run defeat against India - making it one of the shortest days in Test cricket history.
Here is a chart of the all-time quickest Test match days:
Melbourne 1936/37 - Two balls. England were 165-8 on the last morning of the series, needing a further 200 to avoid an innings defeat. They did not, losing both remaining wickets to the first two deliveries from slow left-arm bowler Chuck Fleetwood-Smith.
Georgetown 1964/65 - Two balls. West Indies completed their 212-run win over Australia when off-spinner Lance Gibbs took the only wicket still needed, dismissing Graham McKenzie.
Edgbaston 1992 - Two balls. No conclusion this time, but not quite a washout in Birmingham either. This series opener between England and Pakistan did not get under way until Day 2 because of rain. The second day then mustered two deliveries, from Phil DeFreitas, and Pakistan opener Aamir Sohail tucked in by scoring three runs. The match ended as a draw.
Adelaide 1972/73 - 14 balls. No runs, though, as Australia resumed against Pakistan needing one more wicket for their innings victory - and took 2.2 overs to do so, off-spinner Ashley Mallett eventually seeing off No 11 Talat Ali.
Sydney 1932/33 - Two innings! Australia were level overnight on 164-9, but failed to make another run - Bill Voce bowling No 11 Bill O'Reilly. England therefore needed one for victory, and Herbert Sutcliffe took one ball to do so off usual change bowler Stan McCabe.
Old Trafford 1976 - The boot was on the other foot for England in this one. On 125-9, they just needed another 427 on the last day to beat West Indies. Sadly, they mustered only a single before Mike Selvey was last out to Andy Roberts.
England, who elected to field after winning the toss, slumped to 161 all out in their first innings, with Hardik Pandya's 5-28 the medium-pacer's maiden five-wicket haul in Test cricket.
They suffered another top-order slump in a second innings where they had to make cricket history to pull off an improbable win - no side have made more in the fourth innings to win a Test than the West Indies' 418-7 against Australia at St John's, Antigua in 2003.
England were in dire trouble at 62-4 before a stand of 169 between Buttler (106) and Stokes (62) kept India at bay.
But the recalled India fast bowler Jasprit Bumrah then took three wickets for eight runs in five balls on his way to innings figures of 5-85 in 29 overs to leave England on the brink of defeat.
Kohli was named man of the match, and Root admits his side may need to rethink their approach to bowling at the India captain.
"You're always looking at ways and plans and new ideas; we've bowled pretty well at him," he said.
"If someone's playing well you need to find a way of counteracting that."
Kohli added on Sky Sports Cricket: "First and foremost, we as a team want to dedicate this victory to the flood victims back home in Kerala.
"The victory was much needed at this stage of the series and to have a performance like that, which was so clinical in all three departments, is something that was pleasing to me as a captain," said Kohli at the presentation ceremony.
"The players are really proud of what they've done in this Test too. Everyone is taking responsibility at the right time," he added.