'Things are really getting bad for Samsung Heavy because they have been slow to respond to the weakening market conditions'
Samsung Heavy all at sea as shares plummet on loss forecast
Samsung Heavy Industries plunged the most on record in Seoul trading after forecasting surprise losses and announcing a share sale plan, underscoring the bleak outlook for the global shipbuilding industry.
The world’s third-largest shipbuilder said Wednesday it plans to raise 1.5 trillion won (Dh5.14 billion) by selling new shares in a rights offering. Samsung Heavy, saddled with 3.3tn won of short-term debt, expects demand for new vessels and offshore projects to continue shrinking and that will push the company into losses this year and next, compared with analyst estimates for a profit.
“Things are really getting bad for Samsung Heavy because they have been slow to respond to the weakening market conditions,” said Park Moo Hyun, an analyst at Hana Financial Investment in Seoul. “It’s not going to look good for the company next year.”
Shipyards from South Korea to Singapore have been struggling to emerge from losses since the global financial crisis amid excess capacity worldwide and a plunge in oil prices that damped demand for vessels and offshore drilling rigs. Last year was the worst for the industry, with the collapse of Hanjin Shipping, previously among the world’s largest container lines, and freight rates tumbling to record lows.
The loss forecast also pushed down the shares of bigger rivals Daewoo Shipbuilding & Marine Engineering and Hyundai Heavy Industries in South Korea, home to the world’s top three shipbuilders.
Shares of Seongnam, South Korea-based Samsung Heavy plunged as much as 29 per cent. The stock fell 28 per cent to 9,120 won as of 12:33pm in Seoul, giving it a market value of about $3.3bn. Hyundai Heavy declined as much as 6.9 per cent and Daewoo Shipbuilding dropped as much as 7.4 per cent.
“Falling demand for orders, expected losses from some contracts won this year and higher raw material costs have led the company to forecast losses for this year and next,” Samsung Heavy said on Wednesday. “We expect the situation to improve in 2019.”
Korea Development Bank is monitoring the situation closely and creditors have been regularly reviewing the company’s restructuring efforts, said a spokesman for the state-owned bank, Samsung Heavy’s main creditor.
As of September 30, Samsung Heavy had 3.3tn won of debt maturing within a year, compared with 451bn won of cash and equivalents, according to its financial report. The company, rated BBB plus by Korea Ratings, has sold 255bn won of bonds this year via private placement, according to data from Korea Securities Depository.
“Samsung Heavy is trying to reduce liquidity risk by selling new shares,” said Choi Joong-ki, the general manager of the corporate rating department at Nice Investors Service. “We’ll need to monitor whether Samsung will actually be able to sell shares as planned, given there’s uncertainty in terms of timing and size.” The South Korean rating company has an A minus rating on Samsung Heavy.
Samsung Electronics is Samsung Heavy’s largest shareholder, with a 16.9 per cent stake as of September 30, according to the shipbuilder’s filing. Other major shareholders include Samsung Life Insurance with 3.2 per cent and Samsung Electro-Mechanics with 2.3 per cent.
Samsung Heavy expects operating losses to reach 490bn won this year and 240bn won in 2018, the company said on Wednesday. Analysts expect the company to post operating profit of 90bn won this year, according to the average of estimates compiled by Bloomberg.
The share sale is the second in as many years for Samsung Heavy, which raised 1.1tn won in 2016. The company, which reported losses in the past two years, said on Wednesday it expects to complete the sale by May.
Shrinking orders for new vessels amid mounting losses have heightened concerns that all three Korean shipbuilders’ finances could be hurt further.
Among reform measures, South Korean yards eliminated at least 20,000 jobs last year. Daewoo Shipbuilding, which last posted a full-year operating profit in 2011, was bailed out by creditors twice in the past two years.
Last year, the South Korean government said it plans to spend about 11tn won by 2020 to help the industry. The government said it intends to order more than 250 vessels and provide about 6.5tn won in financing support to strengthen shipping companies’ efficiency through the end of this decade.
Samsung Heavy, established in 1974, built its first dock in 1979 in Geoje, south of Seoul, and grew through acquisitions of smaller yards and demand in the industry. The company is the world’s biggest builder of drill ships and liquefied natural gas carriers.
The company is building floating LNG production plants for Royal Dutch Shell. The first unit, the biggest of its kind, sailed to Australia from Samsung Heavy’s shipyard in June.