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Abu Dhabi, UAESunday 16 December 2018

Trump's "Made in America' behind oil plunge, Citi says

Trump's tweets and administration's change of mind on Iran, granting waivers that allowed eight countries to continue purchasing Iranian oil. spurred decline, bank says

President Donald Trump's administration is the cause of the fall in crude prices, US investment bank says. Bloomberg
President Donald Trump's administration is the cause of the fall in crude prices, US investment bank says. Bloomberg

American fingerprints are all over oil’s record losing streak that’s plunged prices into a bear market.

The State Department’s zigzag on Iran sanctions, President Donald Trump’s tweets about Opec supply, the demand-sapping trade war with China and the explosion of shale oil production are all key factors leading to the collapse in crude prices since early October, said Ed Morse, head of commodities research at Citigroup.

“The oversupply in the market is a Made-in-America phenomenon,” Mr Morse said. “It’s the unexpected consequences of American policy and the unintended impact of technological changes that made this historically unprecedented arena for production growth blossom.”

Mr Morse was among several commodity traders and experts who less than two months ago said global benchmark Brent crude could spike above $100 a barrel if the US followed through with its threat to use sanctions to drive Iranian oil exports to zero. The fear of a supply crunch helped drive the marker to as high as $86.74 a barrel in early October, the highest level since 2014.

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Then the Trump administration changed its mind, granting waivers that allowed eight countries to continue purchasing limited amounts of Iranian oil. Brent traded at $65.91 at 12:10pm Singapore time. West Texas Intermediate, the US benchmark, was at $56 a barrel, following a record 12 session slide through November 13.

Even as the US was planning to grant the Iran waivers, Mr Trump was badgering other members of Opec to boost production in order to make up for any loss of Iranian supply. He’s kept at it even as prices have plunged, tweeting on November 12 that he hoped Saudi Arabia and Opec wouldn’t cut output.

“The head fake on Iranian sanctions, which turned out to be misleading when US actions were limp, combined with putting more pressure on producers helped create the oversupply in the market,” Mr Morse said.

Supplies have also been boosted by surging output from US shale fields, which has lifted the US.past Saudi Arabia and Russia as the world’s largest crude producer, Mr Morse said. Additionally, global oil demand growth has also been hurt by an escalating trade war between the US and China that was instigated by the Trump administration, he said.