While production cuts have shown signs of success, the market could return to surplus next year if the group lets the accord expire in March
Opec and its allies to wait and see if oil cuts need extending
Ahead of a gathering in Vienna, Opec and its allies indicated that they’ll wait a bit longer to see if further action is required in their bid to clear a global oil glut.
Ministers from nations that together pump more than half the world’s oil at times made conflicting statements, but broadly signalled that their meeting on Friday would not take concrete steps to address concerns that their agreement may end too early. While their production cuts have shown signs of success in recent months, the market could return to surplus next year if the group allows the accord to expire at the end of March.
“Opec members are trying to target a figure of close to US$60 a barrel. We’re not too far away from that,” Nigerian minister of state for petroleum Emmanuel Ibe Kachikwu said in an interview on Friday. “If we get to March and find that there’s a need to do more, I think we will.”
While Kuwait’s oil minister Issam Almarzooq and his Russian counterpart Alexander Novak said it was too early to discuss extending the cuts, Algerian Energy Minister Mustapha Guitouni told his country’s state-run press service that they would talk about it. Novak also said there was no formal proposal for a further 1 per cent cut, which Iraq’s Oil Minister Jabbar Al-Luaibi had suggested on Tuesday that some members were considering.
The Organisation of Petroleum Exporting Countries (Opec) and its allies have several reasons to hold a steady course. Brent crude, the international benchmark, closed at $56.43 a barrel on Thursday, the highest level since February and an increase of more than 25 per cent since June. Nine months into their agreement, implementation of the pledged 1.8 million barrels a day of production cuts remains high and he world’s bloated fuel inventories are shrinking.
Still, as US shale oil continues to thrive and seasonal demand wanes, the surplus that has weighed on markets for three years could soon return. If Opec does not extend the supply curbs beyond their current expiry at the end of March, the market will return to oversupply again, forecasts from the International Energy Agency indicate.
It is in Opec’s interest to wait before pledging to extend its cuts, Goldman Sachs Group said in a note dated September 21. “The main focus of the meeting will be the monitoring of compliance to the cuts, which has reached new highs of 110 per cent in August, as well as Libya and Nigeria’s production levels,” the bank said.
The two African nations are currently exempt from cutting output because of internal strife, and recent production gains from both countries have diluted the efforts of other members to boost prices.
Nigeria’s Mr Kachikwu reiterated that his country would accept an output cap once security in its oil-producing region has fully stabilised.
"Militancy is down, there’s a bit more calm in the Niger Delta areas - our production has gone from the all time low of about 1.1 million barrels a day up to about 1.7 million to 1.75 million," Mr Kachikwu said. When the country achieves consistent production of 1.8 million barrels a day “we will basically place a cap on ourselves,” he said.
Caps for both Libya and Nigeria will be discussed at Friday’s meeting, Russia’s Novak told reporters in Vienna on Thursday.
The Joint Technical Committee, a group of Opec and non-Opec officials that met on Wednesday to assess compliance with pledged targets, recommended that ministers should consider informal monitoring of exports in addition to production, a move that Saudi Arabia has been pushing for to improve transparency.
Opec’s rules mean these figures would only be discussed internally and the so-called secondary sources production estimates -compiled from third parties and published each month - would remain the only official way for measuring compliance, said two delegates, who asked not to be named because the talks were private.
“Whatever else we find - exports or other mechanisms - to ensure that the secondary sources are reliable, that’s fine,” said Mr Kachikwu. However, nothing is going to replace the secondary sources, he said.