Oil gains on declining US stockpiles and geopolitical tensions
US inventories fell by 7.13 million barrels last week
Oil extended gains as signs of declining US stockpiles pointed to healthy demand while investors weighed potential disruptions to supply because of global geopolitical tensions.
Futures in New York rose as much as 0.5 per cent after adding 2.5 per cent in the past three sessions. An industry report showed US inventories fell last week, with government data Wednesday forecast to show a fourth straight drop. Crude’s recent gains have been driven by fighting between the Iraqi government and Kurdish forces in the oil-rich Kirkuk region. The conflict’s ongoing and could stoke tensions outside the country’s borders.
The violence in Iraq is one of the geopolitical risks that the oil market is grappling with, and uncertainty is swirling over the impact of tensions between Iran and the US as well, Goldman Sachs said. The Arabian Gulf nation said it would support an extension of Opec output cuts to the end of 2018 and insisted its production plans will not be disrupted by the US president Donald Trump’s threats to ditch a nuclear deal that has boosted its exports.
“Fundamentals are quite strong at the moment, with robust demand that’s draining crude inventories and geopolitical risks adding a short-term impact on prices,” said Min Byungkyu, a global market strategist at Yuanta Securities in Seoul. “There’s a general expectation that Opec will extend the output curbs, but deeper cuts will be needed to more effectively drive up prices.”
West Texas Intermediate crude for November delivery rose as much as 28 cents to US$52.16 a barrel on the New York Mercantile Exchange and was trading at $52.04 as of 7:45am in London. Total volume traded was about 29 per cent below the 100-day average. Prices on Tuesday added 1 cent to close at $51.88, the highest since September 27.
Brent for December settlement rose as much as 43 cents, or 0.7 per cent, to $58.31 a barrel on the London-based ICE Futures Europe exchange. The global benchmark crude traded at a premium of $5.90 to WTI for December.
US inventories fell by 7.13 million barrels last week, the American Petroleum Institute was said to report. Data from the Energy Information Administration on Wednesday is forecast to show a 3.25 million-barrel slide.
While Iraq’s government is clashing with Kurdish forces in the north of the Opec nation, raising the prospect of output disruptions in the region, both sides have an incentive to keep oil flowing due to low production costs and “high revenue” available per barrel, according to Goldman.
The Iraqi government offensive was triggered by a non-binding Kurdish referendum on independence that was approved overwhelmingly in September and made more politically charged by the regional government’s decision to include Kirkuk, even though it lies outside the semi-autonomous Kurdish region. The area is home to the country’s oldest oilfield.
While Mr Trump’s administration has hardened its stance against Iran, there is still “high uncertainty” over whether the US will reimpose sanctions that could potentially curb the Middle East country’s crude supply, Goldman said.
Iran’s energy industry has recovered following the removal of sanctions early last year after an international agreement over its nuclear programme. Mr Trump refused to certify that Iran is in compliance with the deal, athough he did not repudiate the pact.
The US president’s statement was characterised by “chest-beating” and has “little or no effect” on the Islamic Republic’s oil plans, Amir Zamaninia, deputy minister for trade and international affairs at Iran’s oil ministry, said on Tuesday.
Updated: October 18, 2017 11:40 AM