Judo, which means "the way of gentleness", was invented in Japan in 1882 by Jigoro Kano who adapted a variety of techniques from other martial arts to create a sport which could be contested without hurting participants. A key principle of judo is to use the strength and size of an opponent to one's own advantage. Judo's first world championships were held in 1956. Men's judo became the first Asian sport to be contested in the Olympics, at the 1964 Tokyo Games. Women's judo was added in Barcelona in 1992. Although the Japanese have always done well at Olympic judo, Dutchman Antonius Geesink stunned the Tokyo Games by winning the men's open category. In the following decades, Russian athletes made their mark on the sport and since the 1980s South Korean judokas have also performed well.
Seven weight categories for men and seven for women. A total of 386 athletes will take part including 147 women.
Men Under 60kg: Tadahiro Nomura (Japan) Under 66kg: Masato Uchishiba (Japan) Under 73kg: Lee Won-hee (South Korea) Under 81kg: Ilias Iliadis (Greece) Under 90kg: Zurab Zviadauri (Georgia) Under 100kg: Ihar Makarau (Belarus) Over 100kg: Keiji Suzuki (Japan) Women Under 48kg: Ryoko Tani (Japan) Under 52kg: Xian Dongmei (China) Under 57kg: Yvonne Boenisch (Germany) Under 63kg: Ayumi Tanimoto (Japan) Under 70kg: Masae Ueno (Japan) Under 78kg: Noriko Anno (Japan) Over 78kg: Maki Tsukada (Japan)
Aug. 9 ? women's 48kg, men's 60 Aug. 10 ? women's 52, men's 66 Aug. 11 ? women's 57, men's 73 Aug. 12 ? women's 63, men's 81 Aug. 13 ? women's 70, men's 90 Aug. 14 ? women's 78, men's 100 Aug. 15 ? women's 78, men's 100+
Beijing Science and Technology University gymnasium *Reuters