WASHINGTON // The US president, Barack Obama, confirmed for the first time that US drones have targeted Taliban and Al Qaeda militants on Pakistani soil, a programme that has escalated under his administration.
The government in Islamabad, whose relations with Washington sank to an all-time low last year, appeared to shrug off the confirmation but made a rare public acknowledgement that the programme had "tactical advantages".
Asked about drones in a chat with web users on Google+ and YouTube, Mr Obama said "a lot of these strikes have been in the Fata" - Pakistan's semiautonomous Federally Administered Tribal Areas on the Afghan border.
"For the most part, they've been very precise precision strikes against Al Qaeda and their affiliates, and we're very careful in terms of how it's been applied," Mr Obama said on Monday.
"This is a targeted focused effort at people who are on a list of active terrorists, who are trying to go in and harm Americans, hit American facilities, American bases, and so on."
He said that many strikes were carried out "on Al Qaeda operatives in places where the capacities of that military in that country may not be able to get them", such as Pakistan's lawless tribal zone.
"For us to be able to get them in another way would involve probably a lot more intrusive military action than the ones we're already engaging in."
According to an AFP tally, 45 US missile strikes were reported in Pakistan's tribal belt in 2009, 101 in 2010 and 64 in 2011.
The New America Foundation think tank in Washington says drone strikes in Pakistan have killed between 1,715 and 2,680 people in the past eight years.
Mr Obama said drone strikes on terrorism targets have been "very precise" and will remain a key part of the fight against terrorists.
The drone strikes by US forces "have not caused a huge number of civilian casualties", he said.
Human rights campaigners have expressed deep concern over increased use of drone strikes. The State Department also confirmed it used surveillance drones to protect US diplomats in so-called "critical threat environments" overseas.
Mr Obama also downplayed a recent report about the use of US drones in Iraq, indicating that the unmanned aircraft are mainly used for embassy surveillance. He said a New York Times story citing Iraqi officials as expressing outrage over the use of US drones following last year's troop withdrawal was "a little overwritten".
"The truth of the matter is we're not engaging in a bunch of drone attacks inside of Iraq. There's some surveillance to make sure that our embassy compound is protected."
The United States had refused to discuss the strikes publicly, but the programme has dramatically increased under the Obama administration.
US diplomatic cables leaked by WikiLeaks in late 2010 showed that Pakistan's civilian and military leaders privately supported US drone attacks, despite public condemnation in a country where the US alliance is hugely unpopular.
"Notwithstanding tactical advantages of drone strikes, we are of the firm view that these are unlawful, counterproductive and hence unacceptable," foreign ministry spokesman Abdul Basit said yesterday.
Relations between the United States and Pakistan deteriorated sharply in 2011, over the covert American raid that killed Al-Qaeda chief Osama bin Laden in May and US air strikes that killed 24 Pakistani soldiers in November.
Islamabad is now reviewing its entire alliance with the United States and has kept its Afghan border closed to Nato supply convoys since November 26.
It ordered US personnel to leave Shamsi airbase in western Pakistan, widely believed to have been a hub for the CIA drone programme, and is thought likely to only reopen the Afghan border by exacting taxes on convoys.