King Abdullah II of Jordan today sacked the government of Samir Rifai and named Maruf Bakhit as prime minister with orders to carry out "true political reforms," the palace said, after weeks of opposition protests demanding change.
"King Abdullah II designated Maruf Bakhit to form a new government to replace the government of Samir Rifai," a palace statement said.
"Bakhit's mission is to take practical, quick and tangible steps to launch true political reforms, enhance Jordan's democratic drive and ensure safe and decent living for all Jordanians."
Jordan's powerful Islamist opposition said on Monday that it had started a dialogue with the state, saying that unlike the situation in Egypt, it did not seek regime change.
Opposition demands included "the resignation of the government, the amendment of the electoral law and the formation of a national salvation government headed by an elected prime minister," a member of the Islamic Action Front's executive council, Zaki Bani Rsheid, told AFP.
The Islamists have also called for constitutional amendments to curb the king's power in naming government heads, arguing that the premiership should go to the leader of the majority in parliament.
The constitution, adopted in 1952, gives the king the exclusive prerogative to appoint and dismiss prime ministers.
Despite recent government measures to pump around US$500 million into the economy in a bid to help improve living conditions, protests have been held in Amman and other cities over the past three weeks to demand political and economic reform.
Tunisia's popular revolt, which ousted Zine El Abidine Ben Ali, has inspired dissidents across the Arab world.
Demonstrators have taken to the streets of Egypt for eight straight days calling for President Hosni Mubarak to step down after three decades in power.
Mr Rifai, 43, formed a first government in December 2009, and reshuffled it in November 2010.
Mr Bakhit, who was born in 1947, served as prime minister from 2005 to 2007.
He was appointed in 2005, two weeks after a triple suicide bombing against Amman hotels, claimed by the Jordanian-born leader of al Qa'eda in Iraq, Abu Musab al Zarqawi, killed 60 people.