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Syria's president, Bashar Al Assad, right, welcomes the Iraqi prime minister, Nouri Al Maliki, in Damascus in 2009. On Wednesday, Mr Al Maliki warned of a war in his country if Mr Al Assad was overthrown by rebels. AFP
Syria's president, Bashar Al Assad, right, welcomes the Iraqi prime minister, Nouri Al Maliki, in Damascus in 2009. On Wednesday, Mr Al Maliki warned of a war in his country if Mr Al Assad was overthrown by rebels. AFP

Iraqi PM Maliki says rebel victory in Syria would spark wars in Iraq

Nouri Al Maliki warns of 'a civil war in Lebanon, divisions in Jordan and a sectarian war in Iraq' in his strongest warning yet about the region if Bashar Al Assad is removed from power.

BAGHDAD // Iraq's prime minister warned today that a victory for Syria's rebels will spark sectarian wars in his own country and in Lebanon and will create a new haven for Al Qaeda that would destabilise the region.

The comments by Nouri Al Maliki in an interview marked one of his strongest warnings yet about the turmoil that toppling Syrian President Bashar Al Assad could create in the Middle East.

It comes as his government confronts growing tensions of its own between the Shiite majority and an increasingly restive Sunni minority nearly a decade after the US-led invasion of Iraq.

Fighting in Syria has sharp sectarian overtones, with predominantly Sunni rebels battling a regime dominated by Alawites, an offshoot Shiite Islam.

Mr Al Assad's main allies are Shiite Iran and the Shiite militant group Hizbollah in Lebanon.

Mr Al Maliki too is a Shiite and his sect dominates Iraq's government.

His comments reflect growing fears by many Shiites in Iraq and elsewhere that Sunnis would come to dominate Syria should Mr Al Assad be pushed from power.

The toppling of Mr Al Assad would deal a serious blow to the regional influence of Syria's patron Iran, which has built increasingly strong relations with Iraq's Shiite-dominated government.

Iraq has tried to maintain a neutral stance towards the civil war in Syria, saying that the aspirations of the Syrian people should be met through peaceful means.

Speaking from his office in a Saddam Hussein-era palace inside Baghdad's heavily guarded Green Zone, Mr Al Maliki reiterated his stance that foreign military intervention is not a solution to ending the crisis in Syria.

He called on outside countries to "be more reasonable regarding Syria".

"If the world does not agree to support a peaceful solution through dialogue ... then I see no light at the end of the tunnel.

"Neither the opposition nor the regime can finish each other off," he said. "If the opposition is victorious, there will be a civil war in Lebanon, divisions in Jordan and a sectarian war in Iraq."

Mr Al Maliki, 62, has long been accused by many Sunnis of promoting his Shiite sect at their expense and for being too closely aligned with Iran.

His government has faced two months of unexpectedly resilient protests from the Sunni minority, whose members held many senior positions in Saddam's regime and lost their political prominence to the Shiites after he was ousted in the 2003 US-led invasion.

The Sunni rallies, which have been largely peaceful, erupted in Iraq's western Sunni heartland of Anbar in late December following the arrest of bodyguards assigned to the finance minister, Rafia Al Issawi, one of the most senior Sunni politicians in government.

Although the detentions were the spark for the demonstrations, the rallies tap into deeper Sunni grievances, drawing on feelings of discrimination at the hands of Mr Al Maliki's government.

Mr Al Maliki and his political allies initially dismissed the protesters. But as their rallies gained strength and spread throughout parts of Iraq where Sunnis are concentrated, the stern-faced premier began to offer concessions.

His government bowed to one of the protesters' early demands and released more than 2,000 detainees, including some held without charge. He also set up a committee to examine other grievances.

He vowed on Tuesday to let the protests continue as long as they remain peaceful.

But he made a point of distinguishing between the protesters and the political leaders who back them.

He also suggested, as he has done in the past, that outside influences - an apparent allusion to predominantly Sunni countries such as Turkey and the Gulf states - are helping to fuel the unrest.

"What is going on in Iraq is connected to what is happening in the region. It is also connected to the results of the so-called the Arab Spring and some sectarian policies in the region," he said.

"Our patience will continue because we believe that there are people in these provinces that are patriotic and they reject sectarianism, believe in the unity of the country and denounce the voices uttering sectarian words."

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