PYONGYANG, North Korea // North Korea has urged its 24 million people to rally behind 20-something heir-apparent Kim Jong Un as the nation mourned the death of supreme leader Kim Jong-il.
South Korea, meanwhile, put its military on high alert, while people in the streets of Pyongyang broke into tears as they learned the news that Kim had died at the age 69 of heart failure. The United States said it was in close contact with allies South Korea and Japan.
The North's official Korean Central News Agency said the country, people and military "must faithfully revere respectable comrade Kim Jong Un."
"At the leadership of comrade Kim Jong Un, we have to change sadness to strength and courage and overcome today's difficulties," it said.
Kim Jong-il unveiled his third son Kim Jong Un as his successor a year ago, putting him in high-ranking posts. Little is known about the younger Mr Kim, who is believed to be in his 20s.
Kim Jong Un regularly accompanied his father on trips around the country during the past year. Kim Jong-il inherited power after his father, revered North Korean founder Kim Il Sung, died in 1994.
South Korea's police were placed on a high alert after Kim's death, according to the National Police Agency, and the South Korean parliament convened emergency committee sessions on national defence, intelligence and unification affairs. Tge South Korean president Lee Myung-bak put the military on alert and convened a national security council meeting.
The South Korean and US militaries have bolstered reconnaissance and are sharing intelligence assets on North Korea, according to Seoul's Defence Ministry. About 28,500 US troops are stationed in South Korea.
The White House said in a statement that it is closely monitoring reports of Kim's death.
"The president has been notified, and we are in close touch with our allies in South Korea and Japan. We remain committed to stability on the Korean peninsula, and to the freedom and security of our allies," the statement said.
The North said it would place Kim's body in the Kumsusan memorial palace in Pyongyang and would hold a national mourning period until December 29. Kim's funeral will be held on December 28, it said.
In a "special broadcast" from the North Korean capital, state media said Kim died on a train due to a "great mental and physical strain" on December 17 during a "high intensity field inspection." It said an autopsy was done on December 18 and "fully confirmed" the diagnosis.
Kim is believed to have suffered a stroke in 2008, but he had appeared relatively vigorous in photos and video from recent trips to China and Russia and in numerous trips around the country carefully documented by state media.
"It is the biggest loss for the party ... and it is our people and nation's biggest sadness," an anchorwoman clad in black Korean traditional dress said in a voice choked with tears.
Asian stock markets moved lower amid the news, which raises the possibility of increased instability on the divided Korean peninsula.
South Korea's Kospi index was down 3.9 per cent at 1,767.89 and Japan's Nikkei 225 index fell 0.8 per cent to 8,331.00. Hong Kong's Hang Seng slipped 2 per cent to 17,929.66 and the Shanghai Composite Index dropped 2 percent to 2,178.75.
A South Korean Foreign Ministry official, speaking on the condition of anonymity because the ministry was debating ways to respond to Kim's death, said diplomats are shocked but are trying to assess the situation as best as they can.
Chae Jae-eun, a South Korean company worker, said from Seoul that she worried mostly about the economic implications Kim Jong-il's death would cause. She also said North Korea now stands at a crossroads as the country may isolate itself further or open up.
Lee Kyu-yun, a parliamentary official, said he is personally scared but refrained from speculating on future developments. He said he was considering stocking up on food in case military tension soars.
A group of North Koreans waiting at Beijing airport for their flight to Pyongyang reacted with shock when asked of the Kim's death. One woman broke into tears as she pulled out a handkerchief. One of her companions led her away when she looked as if she would collapse.
Another man muttered, "I can't believe it. I can't believe it. This can't be true. We were at the embassy this morning and surely they would have known about this news."
He composed himself and said "I won't believe it until I hear it from my own state media".
Traffic in the North Korean capital was moving as usual. A foreigner contacted at Pyongyang's Koryo Hotel said hotel staff were in tears.