WASHINGTON // One of the CIA's highest-ranking women, who once ran a CIA prison in Thailand where terror suspects were waterboarded, has been bypassed for the agency's top spy job.
The officer, who remains undercover, was a finalist for the job and would have become the first female chief of clandestine operations.
As one of the last remaining senior CIA officers who held leadership roles in the agency's interrogation and detention programme, however, she was a politically risky pick.
Dianne Feinstein, the Senate Intelligence Committee's top Democrat, has criticised the interrogation programme and urged the CIA director John Brennan not to promote the woman, according to a former senior intelligence briefed on the call.
Through a spokesman, Ms Feinstein said she "conveyed my views to Mr Brennan".
The CIA spokeswoman Jennifer Youngblood said the assertion that the officer was passed over because of her involvement in the interrogation programme was "absolutely not true".
More than a decade after it last used waterboarding, an interrogation technique that simulates drowning, the CIA is still hounded by the legacy of a tactic that the US government regarded as torture before the Bush administration authorised its use against terrorist suspects. Mr Brennan's ties to the interrogation programme delayed for years his nomination to lead the CIA and Ms Feinstein wants the agency to declassify a 6,000-page report on the programme.
While many details about the programme have become public, much is still shrouded in secrecy, making it impossible to evaluate its successes. Harsh interrogations led to some information, but also generated a lot of false information. And whether any of it could have been done without waterboarding, sleep deprivation and forcing people into small boxes is unknowable. Instead of picking the female officer, Mr Brennan turned instead to the head of the CIA's Latin American Division, a former station chief in Pakistan who former officials said once ran the covert action that helped remove the Serbian president Slobodan Milosevic from power. That programme is regarded inside the CIA as a blueprint for running a successful peaceful covert action.
The name of the new head of the clandestine service is widely known in intelligence, diplomatic and journalistic circles, as is the name of the woman who was passed over. Both have declared their CIA affiliations with foreign governments around the world. The CIA, however, maintains that the names should not be made public because they are technically undercover.
Women constitute nearly half of the agency's workforce but only about 30 per cent of what is known as the Senior Intelligence Service. The CIA had determined that for every one woman achieving her SIS rank last year, four men got theirs.
"If the 2012 outcome were to be repeated in the coming years, such a trend would lead to diminishing representation of women at the senior ranks," according to a declassified CIA report.
In announcing his new clandestine chief, Mr Brennan also promoted women to be his chief of staff and the agency's executive director.
"Women will hold fully half of the positions on his current leadership team," the agency said in a news release.
It is unclear what the female officer who was passed over will do next. She ran the CIA stations in London and New York.
"The officer chosen is a wonderful choice, and the woman not chosen was an equally wonderful choice," said the former CIA director Michael Hayden, who worked with both. "And I would hope that the agency can continue to make use of both of them in prominent leadership positions."