WASHINGTON // Five young American Muslims captured in Pakistan are under investigation for possible links to terrorism after their families found a disturbing farewell video the missing men left behind showing scenes of war and casualties and saying Muslims must be defended. Frantic relatives and worried FBI agents have been searching for the five men for more than a week, since their disappearance in late November. The missing men, ranging in age from 19 to 25, have family roots in the northern Virginia and Washington, DC, area.
One, Ramy Zamzam, is a dental student at Howard University. Two US officials said the five are believed to be under arrest in Pakistan. In the eastern Pakistan city of Sargodha today, police officials said Pakistani intelligence agents were interrogating the five Americans. They said the men were co-operating after first giving conflicting statements. The officials, speaking on condition of anonymity because of the sensitivity of the subject, said the five men had been staying at a house in the eastern city of Sarghoda believed to be used by the Jaish-e-Mohammed militant group.
Jaish has alleged links to al- Qa'eda and has traditionally focused on targets in India. Investigators seized a laptop computer and extremist literature from the house, the officials said. On the heels of charges against a Chicago man accused of plotting international terrorism, the case is another worrisome sign that Americans can be recruited within the United States to enlist in terrorist networks.
Leaders of an Islamic American group said the families of the five men asked the FBI for help and were particularly disturbed to see the video message. "One person appeared in that video and they made references to the ongoing conflict in the world, and that young Muslims have to do something," said Nihad Awad, of the Council on American-Islamic Relations, or CHAIR. "The video's about 11 minutes and it's like a farewell. And they did not specify what they would be doing. But just hearing and seeing videos similar on the internet, it just made me uncomfortable," Mr Awad said.
The video has not been made public. Before the men left, they did not seem to have become militant, a local imam said. "From all of our interviews, there was no sign they were outwardly radicalised," said Imam Johari Abdul-Malik. One of Zamzam's younger brothers, interviewed at the family's Alexandria, Virginia, apartment, said Mr Zamzam has a perfect grade-point average and is "a good guy." "He's a normal Joe," said the brother, identifying himself only by a nickname, Zam.
In Pakistan, police officer Tahir Gujjar said five Americans were picked up in a raid on a house in Sarghoda in the eastern province of Punjab. He did not identify them, but said three are of Pakistani descent, one is of Egyptian descent and the other has Yemeni heritage. SM Imran Gardezi, press minister at the Pakistani Embassy in Washington, said the men "are under arrest in Pakistan. The investigation is to see whether they had any links to any extremist groups."
No charges have been filed. Pakistani regional police chief Mian Javed Islam told the Associated Press that the men spent the past few days in the city of Sarghoda, which is near an airbase about 200 kilometres south of the capital, Islamabad. US Embassy spokesman Rick Snelsire said officials there were aware of the reported arrests, but could not confirm them. Pakistan has many militant groups based in its territory and the UDS has been pressing the government to crack down on extremism.
al Qa'eda and Taliban militants are believed to be hiding in lawless tribal areas near the Afghan border. In Washington, a spokeswoman for the FBI's local office said agents have been trying to help find the men. "The FBI is working with the families and local law enforcement to investigate the missing students and is aware of the individuals arrested in Pakistan," said the spokeswoman, Katherine Schweit. "We are working with Pakistan authorities to determine their identities and the nature of their business there if indeed these are the students who had gone missing."
She said the investigation continues, declining to comment further. According to officials at CAIR, the five left the country at the end of November without telling their families. After the young men left, at least one phoned his family still claiming to be in the United States, but the caller ID information suggested they were overseas. The families, members of the local Muslim community, took their concerns to CAIR, which put them in touch with the FBI and got them a lawyer, the group said. A Howard University spokesman confirmed Mr Zamzam was a student there but declined further comment. Samirah Ali, president of Howard University's Muslim Student Association, said the FBI contacted her last week about Mr Zamzam, and told her he had been missing for a week.
Ms Ali said she's known Mr Zamzam for three years and never suspected he would be involved in radical activities. "He's a very nice guy, very cordial, very friendly," Ms Ali said, adding that he has a bubbly personality. "It really caught me off guard." * AP