Text size:

  • Small
  • Normal
  • Large

The four Ps of P4 medicine

The premise of P4 medicine is that in years to come medical practice will be transformed by biotechnology into a more targeted approach that manages a person's overall health.

What are the four P's of P4 medicine?

A term coined by biologist Leroy Hood, the premise of P4 medicine is that in years to come medical practice will be transformed by biotechnology into a more targeted approach that manages a person's overall health as opposed to simply managing a patient's disease. Rather than the medicine of the past that worked on population averages - the medicine of the future will focus on the individual.

P4 Medicine is comprised of four Ps:

Predictive: In 10 years we'll all have our genomes as part of our medical record. This will tell us what disease we are at risk of and offer specific advice on how to optimise wellness.

Preventative: With this type of medicine, the mysteries of the immune system will be solved so that vaccines for conditions such as Aids and Malaria can be created. It will also refocus medicine on the future rather than the present so that patients are constantly thinking about their overall wellness.

Personalised: We are all genetically different and therefore should be considered as genetically unique and not as a statistical average. It means we should be responsible for being in control of our transition from health to disease.

Participatory: This raises questions of how to convince physicians that this revolution in medicine is something they can adopt, how to educate patients about the opportunities, challenges and responsibilities of adopting this medicine and how to change the mindset of the entire medical community.

* Alice Haine

Back to the top

More articles


Editor's Picks

 Shah Rukh Khan performs at the IPL Gala dinner to open IPL VII at the Emirates Palace hotel in Abu Dhabi.

In pictures: Shah Rukh Khan stars at IPL Gala dinner in Abu Dhabi

The superstar entertainer Shah Rukh Khan on stage last night at a gala dinner to launch the Indian Premier League cricket tournament.

No words can describe this April 17, your captions will

Have a catchy caption for this picture. Share it with us and we might publish it and reward you.

 When this 1856 British Guiana One-Cent Magenta stamp goes under the hammer at Sotheby’s in New York on June 17, it is expected to attract a world record bid for a single stamp of up to $20 million (Dh73.4m). Courtesy Sotheby’s

Rare 1856 stamp up for auction at Sotheby’s

This is one of the world’s rarest stamps and when it goes up for auction in June it should fetch $20million. Its history since it was issued in 1856 is fascinating – and includes one murderous chapter, as Jonathan Gornall reports

 This Dh17,000 Miele system can prepare your choice of coffee - from capuccino to espresso - at a touch of a button. Pawan Singh / The National

In pictures: Miele puts art in coffee making

Miele has devoted itself to the art of preparing the black liquid with its beautifully designed coffee machines, living up to its mantra of turning kitchens into cafés.

 Iranian President Hassan Rouhani greets supporters after his arrival in Zahedan, the regional capital of Sistan and Baluchestan province on Tuesday, April 15, 2014. During Mr Rouhani's two-day visit, he will tour several other cities and hold meetings with local scholars and entrepreneurs. Maryam Rahmanian for The National

On the road with Hassan Rouhani

Iran's president is touring some of Iran's most underdeveloped provinces. Foreign correspondent Yeganeh Salehi is traveling with him.

 Amir Khan, during a workout at the Gloves Community Centre on March 24, 2014 in Bolton, England, says his fight will be the real main event in Las Vegas on May 3. Alex Livesey/Getty Images

Amir Khan says bout with Luis Collazo ‘will steal the show’ in Las Vegas on May 3

British-Pakistani boxer Amir Khan says his fight with Luis Collazo will be the main attraction on same fight card led by Floyd Mayweather Jr and Marcos Maidana, writes Omar Al Raisi.

Events

To add your event to The National listings, click here

Get the most from The National