The Sheikh Zayed Book Award, which has a Dh7 million prize pool, was set up in memory of the founding President, Sheikh Zayed.
It seeks to foster greater scholarship and creativity by recognising and rewarding significant cultural achievements in Arabic culture.
The board of trustees of the award approved the winning titles, which had been suggested by a scientific committee after its members had reviewed reports compiled by judges.
In a new initiative, the award will purchase 1,000 copies of any winning book in each category.
This year's award attracted a record 1,262 entries from 30 Arab countries and beyond. Last year, there were 560 entries from 27 countries.