Dubbed "the Dubai of the Caspian", Baku is a city in transformation. With recent oil and gas discoveries poised to make Azerbaijan one of the most important energy suppliers in the world, its capital - and, at two million people, the largest city in the Caucasus - is beginning to bear the telltale signs of a 21st century metropolis in mid-oil boom, with towering glass-fronted architectural spectacles, the obligatory Zaha Hadid-designed centre and, of course, a lot of construction sites. Naturally, a world record is on the way: plans were unveiled recently for the kilometre-tall Azerbaijan Tower that is set to make our own Burj Khalifa look rather modest (although it will take another 15 years).
But while Baku might be eyeing the future, this is also a city steeped in the past: Soviet-era Ladas touch bumpers with Hummers, well-restored 19th-century mansions offer evidence of its time as the world's first oil capital and, with the medieval Old City, there's a vast, archaeologist's playground right in the centre.
Just over two hours flight from Dubai and with daytime summer temperatures in the early 30s, Baku is perfect for a long-weekend break.
A comfortable bed
If the idea of sleeping in a Unesco heritage site appeals, there are several boutique hotels and guesthouses hidden amid the alleyways of the Old City. The Old City Inn (www.oldcityinn.com; 00 994 12 497 4369) comes recommended. While it's actually a training hotel, so patience is required with the service at times, with large rooms and great views from the rooftop restaurant, you'll forget the odd niggle. Doubles cost from US$128 (Dh470) a night, including taxes and breakfast.
For something more grandiose, there is a growing list of options (including the new out-of-town Jumeirah Bilgah Beach Hotel). The lavish Excelsior Hotel (www.excelsiorhotelbaku.az; 00 994 12 496 8000) is among the favourites with visiting dignitaries. While it might be a short taxi drive from the central hub (it's near Zaha Hadid's new slug-shaped Cultural Centre), this hotel is renowned for its gym facilities and pools. Doubles start at $363 (Dh1,343), including taxes and breakfast.
Find your feet
A stroll along the Baku Boulevard, parallel with the Caspian coast, is a fine way to see the changing faces of the city. It's still lined with the Baroque-stone mansions built by rich industrialists of the 1800s, while the new tribute to energy wealth is the multi-storey Park Bulvar mall. Go past the walls of the Old City, and carry on to the Baku Crystal Hall, a multimillion dollar events centre constructed for this year's Eurovision Song Contest.†Although the boulevard is being extended to some 26 kilometres, taking in these main landmarks can be done in a couple of pleasant hours.
Meet the locals
Central Baku is extremely pedestrian friendly, and in the evening and on weekends the lengthy promenade and numerous open spaces are teeming with life. Head to Fountain Square (so named because it has several fountains) near the Old City and watch the world go by in one of the cafes with a glass of Azercay tea, grown in the south of the country. Locals are generally very friendly and, while English isn't widely spoken, most are happy to give it a go.
Book a table
Just off Fountain Square, Yeni Bah Bah Club serves an excellent array of regional cuisine (mains from around $13 [Dh47] a person), heavy in dolma (stuffed vegetable dishes) and lamb stews laden with pomegranates and walnuts, while two older gentlemen play local music in the corner.
Among the growing number of hipster-friendly hangouts is «hinar (www.chinar-dining.com) which serves elaborate sushi and South East Asian fare (mains from about $17 [Dh62]. Sit in the stylish outdoor area if the weather is fine.
The streets of central Baku are lined with high-end fashion boutiques brandishing designer price tags, only underlining the city's reputation as one of the most expensive around. There are several stalls and shops in the Old City selling the usual "I Love Azerbaijan" tourist tat but look harder and there's some quality to be found, such as old brass teapots and ornate crockery. And if you want a carpet, you've come to the right place, with rug-weaving an essential element of Azerbaijani history, admired by the likes of Marco Polo and noted for its intricate designs.
What to avoid
Baku is extremely safe. The only theft you might experience is when the bill comes, with prices in some of the more expensive spots verging on the ridiculous. Check menus before you order if you're on a budget and be especially careful when ordering tea. While Azerbaijan might pride itself on its "chay" (tea) industry and culture, a cup can sometimes set you back the same price as a meal.
Also, opt for the London-style cabs as they're the only ones that come with a meter. They work out far cheaper and you avoid tedious negotiations over your fare.
Dating back to the 12th century, when Baku became the capital city, the Old City has several worthwhile sites. Climb Maiden's Tower for views across the city, Baku Bay and beyond, even as far the triple-headed Flame Towers, the soon-to-be-completed hill-top complex set to become a major symbol of the city. The restored sandstone Palace of the Shirvanshahs, the home†for a 15th century ruling dynasty, houses several exhibitions on Baku's architectural legacy.
FlyDubai (www.flydubai.com) flies to Baku from Dh1,022 return.