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You don't have to go far off of this winding desert track to feel swallowed up by the dunes of the Rub al Khali in Liwa.
Paolo Rossetti Freelancer
You don't have to go far off of this winding desert track to feel swallowed up by the dunes of the Rub al Khali in Liwa.

Off the Beaten Path: Venturing into the desert is never just a ride

A journey into the Liwa region gives you a true sense of how inhospitable the inner desert can be.

In Canada and other northern countries, there is a tradition that balances precariously on the very edge of sanity - it's an annual event called the Polar Bear Swim. On January 1, holes are broken into thick ice-covered ponds, bonfires are set along the frozen beaches and then hoards of people run into the absolutely freezing-cold water for a quick dip.

Why? To experience what the water feels like at the coldest time of year.

Conversely, maybe it could also inspire people in one of the most arid environments on the other side of Earth to experience the desert at the hottest time of year. Which is why, this August, we are going to Liwa - in the Empty Quarter, or the Rub al Khali - the world's largest continuous body of sand.

Do you know what "extreme heat" really feels like? How the summer wind mercilessly sucks moisture out of your skin? Would you like to deepen your respect for desert people and creatures that survive in these extremes?

My family and friends gave it a try, but we were cheating because I was driving a brand-new Land Rover LR4, with air-conditioning that won the battle with the 50C-plus temperatures.

Besides the boasting rights with the set of wheels, on this trip we had several pleasant surprises: finding large desert roses, a lively scorpion and a pregnant gazelle.

Now for the disclaimer: For now, please refer to the interactive map on The National website, where you can study the route and see photos along the way - this will help you form a clear idea of what's expected.


View Off the beaten path - Liwa in a larger map

When you click on the map, you will navigate to a Google Map, which allows you to zoom for detail - you will find photos and travel notes of each waypoint, satellite images of the actual terrain and also the downloadable GPS track, in .kml format, which means it can also be opened in Google Earth.

Please make use of this unique support to this article on The National website. Quite frankly, mistakes and mishaps can become life-threatening situations in the remote desert in summer, so please do not take this trip lightly. We will stay close to a permanent, well-established track, but be aware of the seriousness of the situation brought on by both the climate and sand-dune terrain. This is a trip for experienced desert drivers only.

We start from Highway E11, leading from Abu Dhabi towards Al Ruwais, where at waypoint one you take exit 306 towards Hameem.

The benefit of this route is that it passes by Sheikh Hamad bin Hamdan's famous Emirates National Auto Museum, which is definitely worth a stop at waypoint three.

Once the interminable motorway reaches the Adnoc petrol station at Hameem, at waypoint four, make sure to fill your tank and stock up on water. Our trip will not require additional petrol, but if you think you might deviate and forge your own track, extra fuel canisters are a good idea, as is filling half your vehicle with drinking water.

Continue towards Liwa from the Adnoc station, staying on the main motorway and following it around to the right as it naturally curves, until you reach waypoint five, where a tarmac track on your left branches off the highway and heads south into the desert. It is signposted to Mahdhar al Khudaira and it is an access road to the nearby oil fields, so it is well-travelled.

This road is our lifeline, our entry and exit, and we should always maintain our position in relation to this track. There are no other exits, other than going overland traversing over 100km of dunes in any other direction.

As you can see from the interactive map, when we enter the sands at waypoint six we will remain parallel and never far from this road. We will travel south in the dunes and re-join this track to return to civilisation.

From waypoint six to waypoints seven and eight, we are in the most difficult segment of our adventure: the dunes are high and the bowls are deep.

The LR4 is not considered one of the UAE's foremost dune bashers, due to its complex electronics and weight, but let me assure you its performance is stellar.

Traction systems were turned off to allow the wheels to spin and we gave it a good workout, with a very watchful eye on the coolant temperature gauge, which thankfully did not move too close to the red. The rpm gauge, however, did. When you're in the thick of Liwa dunes, in summer-soft sands, you have no mercy for the machine: it has to deliver.

At waypoint nine you will have reached a high plateau. Ahead of you will be a steep slipface dropping down to the flat sebkha.

Descend slowly, with the transfer case in low gearing and locked in first gear. And if your vehicle offers hill descent mode like the LR4, engage it. Do not apply the brakes as you slowly point your car straight and drive off the end of the world - it will be scary, passengers will hang on for their lives but, slowly, the vehicle will follow gravity and descend in full control.

Do not allow the vehicle to turn sideways; if it does start to wander off the direct line downhill, then apply a little gas to straighten it, but not the brakes. The reason is that the front of the car is the heaviest because of the engine and so applying the brakes further digs the front in and encourages the light rear to swing around. Easy does it.

Once down in the sebkha, have a good look around. Exit the vehicle and take a deep breath of furnace-like air. Imagine what it would be like if you were on foot! Life is tough in the desert all year round but, in summer, any living thing that can survive has my respect.

In the sebkha, we found desert roses not deep under the surface - they are crystallised formations of gypsum, formed as the water from winter rains percolated down through the hard-packed sand. While quite common, it takes a trained eye to spot their presence.

In the distance, we spotted a gazelle. Fortunately, we knew better than to chase, because surviving the desert summer requires all their energy just to stay alive, let alone being pushed to exhaustion by reckless drivers. As it turned out, it was an expectant mother and I hate to think that, had we gunned our cars after her, she almost certainly would have lost the baby. We approached gently and were rewarded with some nice photos of mummy-to-be, one of which you will find in the interactive map.

We were also visited by a curious scorpion overnight: it nestled under our tent and we discovered it in the morning.

If you are not staying the night, you had better keep up pace because you have a difficult segment ahead of you. As you travel south on the sebkha, through waypoints 11 to 14, you will be skirting the slipface, which will be to your right (and our lifeline road is just over the dune range), but as you reach waypoint 15, you will have to cross a 500m patch of difficult dunes again to reach the road at waypoint 16.

Your time on the edge of this great desert should be a good example of what real heat can be like. Take care.

Follow Paolo Rosetti's adventures as he explores the region's natural beauty at Off the Beaten Path.

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