Text size:

  • Small
  • Normal
  • Large
Tania Fabiani says whistleblowing is a very effective detective mechanism. Delores Johnson / The National
Tania Fabiani says whistleblowing is a very effective detective mechanism. Delores Johnson / The National

Responding to the threat of corruption

The Life: Whistleblowers are vital to guard against fraud and corruption, argues Tania Fabiani, who helped draw up guidelines for Abu Dhabi government-owned entities and departments.

Whistleblowing is a crucial part of detecting fraud and corruption, argues Tania Fabiani. Here the president of the UAE chapter of Association of Certified Fraud Examiners, who is also the Middle East fraud risk assurance leader for PricewaterhouseCoopers (PwC), talks about guidelines she helped to draw up when she was the head of the anti-fraud programme at the Abu Dhabi Accountability Authority.

You say whistleblowing is vital. Why?

If you think about it, whistleblowing is a channel that allows organisations to deal with their own issues. It's a detective mechanism, and a very effective one. Forty-three per cent of detection of fraud and corruption comes from whistleblowing, according to a 2007 study by PwC. Whistleblowing should be a compliance hotline where people call in not only to report potential wrongdoings but also to create a compliance culture and address genuine inquiries from employees such as stock trading, acceptance of gifts and other matters. It cannot be used in isolation and needs to be closely controlled.

Why do employees turn to crime?

It has to do with opportunity, lack of oversight, incentives and pressures, lack of a judicial system that would penalise such behaviour.

What motivates people to divulge their company's secrets?

It comes down to the human factor. Some people will do it because they have a true intent and true concern about [an issue]. Some people will do it maliciously. Sometimes it could be a management dispute. It could be a situation where one employee doesn't get on with another one and they claim wrongdoing or criminal activity.

Does the UAE have any legislation about whistleblowing?

We have signed the UN anti-corruption convention and we are moving towards better governance. We are in the process of creating that legislation and it is happening.

Is there anything in place just now?

In Abu Dhabi, the Accountability Authority has developed an anti-fraud and anti-corruption framework [and] guidelines. But most important provided support and resources to assist state-owned entities and central government departments to implement the framework, that is proactive in regards to fraud and corruption. [It includes] a fraud control policy. This is a guideline that we spent an entire year developing. We studied and discussed with the top five governed countries in the world, we talked to the best forensic professionals around the world to help us develop a policy that would be comprehensive and make sense.

How does it work?

It is issued by a president of a company. He would issue this and say 'This is our policy to battle fraud and corruption.' [We] will do these measures to prevent it, we will do these measures to detect it and we will do these measures to respond to these issues. We [also developed a] fraud scenario assessment, which not only maps out the vulnerabilities of an organisation, but also better educates its employees, among other benefits.

* Gillian Duncan

twitter: Follow our breaking business news and retweet to your followers. Follow us

Back to the top

More articles

Editor's Picks

 The Greens, villas: Q1 no change. 3BR - Dh210-250,000. 4BR - Dh210-260,000. 5BR - Dh220-300,000. Q1 2013-Q1 2014 5% rise. Pawan Singh / The National

In pictures: Where Dubai rents have risen and fallen, Q1 2014

Find out how rental prices in the prime locations in Dubai have altered during the first three months of the year and the current rates you will pay according to data provided by Asteco.

 Above, the private pool of Ocean Heights' five-bedroom penthouse flat. Courtesy Christie’s International Real Estate

In pictures: Penthouse flat is height of Dubai luxury living

A five-bedroom penthouse in Ocean Heights in Dubai Marina is on sale for Dh25 million and comes with a private pool and an unparalleled view of Dubai.

 The cooling towers of the Temelin nuclear power plant near the Tyn nad Vltavou in Czech Republic. The country wants to continue expanding nuclear energy capacity despite cancelling a tender to build two new units. David W Cerny / Reuters

In pictures: Best business images for the week to April 17, 2014

Here are some of the best business images for the week to April 17, 2014.

 Three generations of the Hakimi family tend to their stall Crawford Market in Mumbai. Subhash Sharma for The National

In pictures: Shopper’s delight at Crawford Market in Mumbai

Crawford Market is an old British-style covered market dealing in just about every kind of fresh food and domestic animal imaginable. Later on renamed Mahatma Jotirao Phule, the market remains popular among locals and visitors by its old name, taken from Arthur Crawford who was the first municipal commissioner of the city.

 The Wind, Energy, Technology and Environment Exhibition takes place from April 14 to April 16. Above, the Dewa showroom during last year’s Wetex. Jaime Puebla / The National

April corporate and economic calendar for the UAE and overseas

From Cityscape to Wetex to stock-market holidays to nations reporting first-quarter GDP figures, here is our helpful calendar of April's business events in the UAE and internationally.

 Get the latest information on credit cards, bank accounts and loan products in the UAE. Mark Lennihan / AP Photo

Rates report: Latest on UAE loans, accounts and credit cards

Souqamal.com brings you the latest interest rates on banking products in the UAE.


To add your event to The National listings, click here

Get the most from The National