Inflation in Saudi Arabia is running at acceptable levels, the country's central bank chief said on Sunday, playing down concerns that the economy could be overheating.
Fahd bin Abdullah Al Mubarak, governor of the Saudi Arabian Monetary Agency (Sama), told a news conference inflation was expected to ease next year having edged up to a seven-month high of 4.2 per cent year-on-year in January.
"Current inflation is tolerable and if you compare to other emerging markets we are well below," he said. "The expectation for this year and next year - and I will cite the IMF (International Monetary Fund) - is expected to be a bit lower at 4.6 in 2013 and 4.3 in 2014."
Sama said in January inflationary pressures in the kingdom should remain stable in the first three months of this year.
The world's top oil exporter has recovered since a 2009 downturn, helped by heavy public spending on welfare and housing construction, driven in part by reaction to unrest elsewhere in the Arab world.
Asked if he was concerned about the high level of bank lending to the private sector, Mr Mubarak said: "Not at all. The bank lending to the private sector is consistent with all the policies that Sama puts (in place) and monitors."
Bank lending to Saudi Arabia's private sector rose 15.9 per cent in January, only slightly slower than a 16.4 per cent increase in the previous month, which was the fastest clip since February 2009.
He said the ratio of loans to deposits among the banks was about 75 per cent, below the level of 85 per cent which Sama sets as a cap to limit loan growth.
"It is positive that the banks continue to lend to the private sector," he said, adding that the quality of banks' lending portfolios had improved in recent years, resulting in fewer bad loans.
Mr Mubarak also said Sama's key policy rates - the repo and reverse repo - were appropriate since there were no signs of economic overheating, and their current levels of 2.0 per cent and 0.25 per cent, respectively, served banks quite well.
"The only (development that would change this interest rate policy) is if it causes overheating to the economy. We don't see it overheating. It is quite normal," he said.
Saudi Arabia pegs its riyal to the dollar, which Mr Mubarak said continued to serve its economy well, repeating the country's long-standing policy position.
Because of the peg, Sama needs to keep its policy rates near US benchmarks to avoid excessive pressures on its currency link.
SAMA last changed its repo rate in January 2009, cutting it by 50 basis points to temper the impact of the global crisis. It reduced its reverse repo rate by 25 basis points in June 2009.
"As you notice throughout the world they are moving toward the very low interest rate and the objective of that is to continue to support lending to the private sector to participate in growth and create jobs," Mr Mubarak added.
Mubarak declined to provide a forecast for Saudi economic growth, saying SAMA took guidance from IMF predictions of 4.2 per cent in 2013 and 3.8 per cent in 2014.
Growth of the US$728 billion Saudi economy, the largest in the Arab world, slowed to 6.8 per cent last year from 8.5 per cent in 2011, when it was buoyed by a higher oil output to compensate for shortages due to a civil war in Libya.